October 2020 Honduras coup update

October 2020 Honduras coup update

Guapinol – siege then murder

On the afternoon of 8 October 2020 around 2.40pm, two police patrol vehicles and two military police patrol vehicles packed full of about 50 police agents entered the Guapinol community-in-resistance. Already, eight community members have been locked up as political prisoners for many months. There are five others in the community who had charges against them, so the fear was that the police were there en-masse to raid the community and pick up these five and lock them up as well.

What was not foreseen was that a Guapinol community member who had been amongst 32 charged on the Guapinol file would be assassinated in less than a week. Whether this is linked to the above siege is not known. Arnold Joaquín Morazán Erazo was at his home in the Guapinol community, on 14 October 2020, when he was brutally assassinated. The Guapinol community defends the rivers and land against mining company Inversiones Los Pinares that has state complicity in imposing mining exploitation, which the community has consistently opposed.

Communities on alert of new colonisation processes in the name of Model cities

Pressure began in September 2020 against the Crawfish Rock community in Roatán, Bay Islands, where the North American company Roatan Prospera would have the concession over about 112 kms of territory and would rule over the community, which was never consulted about this fate. This Black community faces divide-and-rule antics, and are threatened with eviction and looming repression.

The policy stage set for ‘Model Cities’ since 2011, when the Law of Statute of the Special Regions of Development was approved. It was subsequently declared unconstitutional and abolished by the then Supreme Court, only the regime then sacked the judges who formed this court, and the Supreme Court voted again and revoked the unconstitutional ruling. Congress then also approved Model Cities in 2013. The colonising concept involves handing over territory to foreign or national elites and giving them rights to govern over the area and the people who have lived there, imposing the company’s police, education, health, tax, and ‘justice’ systems. Ironically, the would-be first model city in Roatan is to be named ‘Morazán city’, Morazán is the name of a liberal Honduran president whose reforms had led to his execution by conservative forces.

On 3 October 2020, in Tegucigalpa, people organised a mobilisation against Model Cities. Areas at risk of being displaced and colonised into model cities include places in Choloma, Cortés, in Zacate Grande, in Lempira, and in Bay Islands. Governments and companies worldwide use similar shock doctrine tactics, taking advantage of the pandemic as a distraction to push through unacceptable projects and policies.

Land recuperation communities of peasants and Indigenous peasants attacked by police with evictions and arrests

On 15 October 2020, in Siguatepeque, a few Lenca indigenous women of the Achotal community were working on land in their community and were recovering when police arrived and arrested them, charging them with usurpation, illegal logging and turning soil. They were granted bail, but on the condition of not working on the land, despite that being their legitimate right. They also have to sign at the court on a weekly basis. Again, on 26 October 2020, at 5am, police came to this community and violently broke into homes of other Lenca indigenous compas – three women, three men, from the same community, and arrested them. They are Doris Pérez, María Lidia Díaz, Juana Fúnez, Abraham Hernández, Adalberto Mazariego, and José del Carmen Sánchez, and are members of indigenous grassroots organisation Copinh. The six were arrested for defending and recuperating territories in the community, and now await a hearing. By law police are not supposed to carry out raids between 6pm and 6am, nor when they don’t have court orders to raid. They did both.

In Choluteca, on 22 October 2020, police arrived at the campesina cooperative Horizontes del Ayotal in Marcovia, and brutally evicted – without an eviction order – the families involved in land recuperation, tearing up their flag, beating up a child, threatening a woman, and destroying the families’ belongings, and in the process arrested 6 campesinos including one woman and five men. Later that morning, community members put the Honduran flag back up at the entrance of the fields, letting the world know almost immediately that they are continuing their land recuperation struggle. At the same time, another land defender, Dulce Muñoz, is in hiding because of judicial persecution. This land recuperation community is in conflict with Lizeth and Ana Maria Mendoza – the land is state land and had been leased since 1942, but the Mendoza family had not paid the agreed sums to the state. State land means agrarian reform land for landless peasants. There are in total 19 community members who to date face charges for defending this land and territory. This recuperation process began over a year ago.

On 24 October 2020, in the El Progreso region, at 4pm, land defender Orlando Henrrique Canales of the campesina cooperative Rodríguez Arevalo was going home with his family when he was suddenly arrested by police who didn’t show him any capture orders. There was also no legal basis to charging or arresting him – the land is undergoing a negotiation and legalisation process and a payment plan was being drafted. On 27 October 2020 at 4am, news was shared that Orlando was freed, thanks to everyone’s pressure.

On 29 October 2020, at 10.30am, in Quilaperque, La Paz, Lenca Indigenous campesinos father and son José Guadalupe Galeas aged 55 and José Celestino Galeas aged 30 were on the footpath selling firewood that they had collected, when a police patrol vehicle suddenly stopped near them and the police jumped out. From sheer terror, the father and son and at least one other there tried to flee the scene. Police reacted firing gunshots into the air and proceeded to capture and bash the pair and one other – the other, unnamed, was released soon after. People saw from further away that it was police from the San Sebastian police station that captured them. José Guadalupe Galeas and José Celestino Galeas belong to the campesino group 10 de Junio – they have been selling firewood for 7 years to support their land recuperation efforts. Their group are recuperating 25 hectares of land, to grow coffee, beans, and vegetables, for their families to use. In the La Paz region, over 5000 indigenous and campesino persons have been charged for defending land and there are about 50 organised campesina bases that continue to expect that in any moment they can be attacked, violently evicted, persecuted and even killed.

Journalists persecuted

On 2 October 2020, in Nacaome, Valle, journalist Leonel Garcia, aged 60, noticed he was being followed by a 4-wheel drive Nissan Frontier with polarised windows and confirmed he was being followed as he slowed down, sped up, changed directions, and the car kept following him. He finally stopped at a police checkpoint and told the police the car behind was following him, at which point the car did stop following him. However, the next day, as he travelled to Nacaome for his journalism work, Leonel saw the same car following him and he went to the Goascoran supermarket and stayed there for 25 minutes. During that time the car left. He called the police about it, who were no real help – he is on a protection order but receives no real protection, and if anything there is concern that protection measures only increase risk for them as the police are always requesting he tells them his movements in advance, and one would not be surprised if the police are in on it. This was the fourth time he was followed by this particular car, having also been followed by it in March and July, although back then this car had no numberplates. Leonel said that if anything happens to him, Refry Flores and the mayor of Nacaome, Refry’s boss, are behind it.

Leonel reports on the eviction threats and pressures from judicial authorities against 17 fisher families of Zacate Grande, and also uses radio and social media to share this. He also speaks up against the exploitation of rivers and lands imposed against people who oppose, against the lack of drinking water, the plunder of public and healthcare resources, as well as asking ‘where is the money?’ in reference to the plunder by the regime of the resources intended for addressing the pandemic, equally scrutinising council employees being well paid when council has no available resources for residents to use. Leonel did this work with his colleague Gabriel Hernández, who back on 17 March 2019 was murdered on his way home from uni. Leonel remembers that this news hit him very hard that day, just before he was to go on air, Leonel punched the table, and went on leave days after for two months with his family, all also heavily hit by depression and anxiety from the threatening situation in addition to the pain of losing Gabriel. A messenger told him that they “killed your compañero, and you are next.” Those who ordered Gabriel’s murder and those who murdered him have so far completely gotten away with the crime. Days before the killing, both Gabriel and Leonel were offered bribes for silence and they refused, which was the antecedent. Leonel continues with determination to speak the truth and never sell out, without underestimating the danger that this entails. When he was on air, he constantly received calls from public officials making threats against himself and his family. Leonel was also pushed off his media space from 23 August 2020, after they turned down his volume when he spoke words of criticism against the government and council officials and mayor. When he questioned how this had happened, the National Party affiliated channel owner instead told him the price was going up, and also that ‘there’s a parliamentarian who is paying me 10,000 lempiras to take you off air.’

Leonel is well loved for his work, people tell him to keep speaking up, saying he is their voice. His work is supported by individuals and friends, who give him what little they can. He lives simply and eats amongst the villagers. Despite fears of police plotting together with those who had threatened him, Leonel never thinks of shutting up about what conditions the people and he himself live under.

Similarly, community journalist Nelson Humberto Santos, has been speaking up about the terrible condition the roads are in, how the rubbish collection staff have not been paid, and about the council not paying the water supply company, and thereby impacting on the residents’ drinking water supply. For speaking up on these issues, a council employee, whose name he withheld, has been giving him death threats through facebook messages, which happened on 14 October 2020.

Human rights defender suffering persecution

On 5 October 2020, it was reported that human rights defender of Aci-Participa, Hedme Castro Vargas had been very similarly persecuted. Hedme already had, in the previous weeks, noticed she was being watched and followed while doing errands and activities in the city as well as around her home. Recently she noticed a car follow her from her neighbourhood that did not move on when she changed her movements – on this occasion she drove back home, frightened. Days later, her gated neighbourhood security guard told her that a stranger had come out of a car and asked if she lived there, and that the guard had replied yes, but that he didn’t know in which dwelling. She also received a call of threat and insult on her home phone from an unknown number. These recent threats are in addition to attacks over the last 4 years including from police.

COVID-19 cases and deaths update including deaths of health care workers

In Honduras, the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 went up by 20,504 in the month of October 2020. The number of confirmed deaths of COVID-19 infected persons went up by 319 in the month of October 2020 to 2672 on 31 October 2020.

Of these 319 COVID-19 deaths during October 2020, at least 4 were healthcare workers.

One of these was Dr Job Gerardo Villanueva, who had worked for several weeks in the COVID-19 ward in Tela, before getting sick and being transferred as a patient to the ICU of the IHSS hospital in San Pedro Sula, where he lost his battle against COVID-19 and passed away on 1 October 2020.

Having lived some 35 years, a pair of twins who worked as a doctor and a microbiologist died days apart from one another – Dr Hector Eduardo Dubon worked on the frontline and died of COVID-19 on 13 October 2020. His twin brother the microbiologist, Hector Edgardo Dubon, died of COVID-19 days later, on 21 October 2020.

The next day, an announcement came out that Dr Luís Enamorado had died from COVID-19 – this news was shared with great pain by Dr Ligia Ramos, spokesperson for the Medical Association of Honduras, who asked people to not go out to bars, discos, shopping centres and electoral campaigns, because three doctors die every week due to the high COVID-19 threat to frontline healthcare workers.

Turmoil of those Hondurans who left in the September migrants’ caravan

On 2 October 2020, a migrant from the caravan towards the US known as Kike tragically fell off a lorry on which he was travelling with fellow migrants. His travel companions were left in great pain, shock and dismay.

On 4 October 2020, 704 Hondurans – 472 adults and 232 children – from the migrant caravan tried to cross the border into Guatemala, and were deported from Guatemala in the process.

Police pretended to investigate disappearance of black persons

On 21 October 2020, 3 months and 3 days since the disappearance of the Black Garífuna leaders of Triunfo de la Cruz, about 10 investigative police and 8 special forces agents and some firefighters under the command of inspector Wilfredo Flores carried out a search in one neighbourhood, a search that should have been carried out within the first 48 hours. They completely ignored accounts of witnesses and any information anonymously shared of what had happened, they also ignored that the Triunfo community suffers threats and harassment in relation to the territorial struggle. The community maintains that the cops know where the disappeared Garífunas are, “they just don’t want to tell!”

September 2020 Honduras coup update

September 2020 Honduras coup update

The Comayagua community’s heart is broken with the assassination of a beloved journalist

On 27 September, at 6.20pm, six months into the pandemic curfew, in Comayagua, 35 years old independent journalist Luís ‘Luisito’ Almendares was driving some relatives on a highway, between municipalities and not far from home, when he was ambushed and hit with four bullets in the stomach, lungs, spine and colon. Everyone hoped dearly it was not going to be his last broadcast as he transmitted on facebook live a 38 seconds video then, calling for help, telling the world what had just happened. ‘Oh, God, oh my Gold, help me, take me away from here. They have just shot me, brothers and sisters, I need an ambulance. I am losing a lot of blood, brothers and sisters, look after me.’ The relatives were hurt too but physically stable. People rushed Luisito to Santa Teresa public hospital where he was operated on that night and people held a vigil outside the hospital hoping Luisito survives, and making known that they knew about the attack and were watching. Following the operation he was set up with artificial respiratory support having had his lungs damaged. Doctors said, given Luis was hit in the spine, that he may not walk again if he lives on. Luisito had an unique style of journalism, primarily using a facebook page ‘Luisito Almendares’ to share news critical of abuses of civil authorities and companies in the region and violent evictions. Luisito received threats constantly. A major and recent one came from the Comayagua Chamber of Commerce, after he published a news piece about how the president of the Chamber of Commerce was forced to resign. The Chambers of Commerce subsequently demanded that he revealed the sources of his news piece, but Luisito stood his ground in saying it was his ethical right as a journalist not to do that. On his facebook page he not only spoke up about abuses, but also made requests there for solidarity assistance for food and medicines for people affected by unemployment, isolation, and lack of healthcare due to state’s laundering of health funds. He asked for help for stigmatised groups including of sex workers. After his operation, he was transferred to the teaching hospital in the capital city Tegucigalpa. This time, a solidarity petition went out for him, asking for blood donations to save his life. However, at 5.30am in the morning following the operation and transfer, Luisito died, 90kms away from home. His body was transported back to Comayagua where his family and community had waited. His funeral was held 8pm that night at a school near his home, where he himself went to primary school as a kid, the school filled with his community, applauding his life and work, and crying in pain and anguish for the loss, all the while, remembering how Luisito was always smiling, despite the constant threats he received because of his journalism work. He belonged to RAPCOS, network of alerts and protection of journalists and social communicators. He was also judicially persecuted March last year for having accused a teacher of intentions to kill a minor.

Massacre against Patuca Olancho’s elderly environmental defenders

Aged 72, 70 and 68 respectively, environmental and human rights defender and teacher unionist and Caritas electoral observation volunteers coordinator José Antonio Teruel, his partner Francisca Aracely Zavala, also a teacher, and Francisca’s brother Marco Tulio Zavala, were having a family gathering on the night also of 27 September 2020 when gunshots intruded and took all their lives instantly. José was an especially passionate lifelong defender of forests, rivers, biodiversity, protected areas and wildlife, his decades of struggle was brought to an end by this massacre against him and his family. As in the case of journalist Luisito Almendares, it was also on that next day that their family received their bodies for burial. Police tries to write off the massacre as a case of murder by personal enemies, covering up for business and political interests that would have been responsible – something easily done when even according to Hondura’s own state authorities, 80% of homicides committed in Honduras remain in impunity.

Repression against ‘Independence’ Day demonstration: 15 arrests, brutal bashings

What Independence? Where is the money? Thousands took the streets, many making efforts to socially distance and wear masks during this pandemic, marching from Tigo Plaza to the Central Park in the capital city Tegucigalpa. The repression began just before 11am, police with pointed weapons chasing people for over two hours.

It started in Avenida La Paz where police chased and arbitrarily captured, bashed and insulted nine young people: Maruel Garía, Dariel Rivas, César Juárez, Haslin Rodríguez, Humberto Cálix, Luz García, Oscar García, Marci González and Daniel Macoy, who were loaded onto a police pickup truck and put behind bars in El Manchen police station. These nine were released about 1pm with the pressure of human rights defenders and organisations. Haslin Rodríguez, a biology student and student leader who was marching with SITTRAUNAH union challenged police orders to herd protesters into a concrete space inadequate for social distancing, and when she went with her boyfriend to buy water at a corner shop nearby she was singled out by police who not only arrested her but hit her in the face and threatened her with, ‘I am going to kill you, daughter of a bitch’. Humberto Cálix told the press after, ‘all we were doing was expressing our love for our land, demanding a better world for our children and our elders’, he recalls being bashed and arrested, and how his face mask had detached from his face while being bashed by police. Daniel Macoy on the other hand was a young sports player who was receiving money for the private classes he gives, when police took his money and arrested him.

Blood stains can be seen after on the streets. Many police batons were out held menancingly by police chasing people. Police’s water tank launched blue chemical water, the colour of the National Party. Along Avenida Cristobal Colon, in front of a private hospital, police launched teargas bombs, without a care for the effects there would be on patients and health care workers inside. The student most severely hurt was by the water tank. 26 years old Cristian Espinoza was shot by police agents with the water tank with pressurised water that impacted directly on his face, causing his eyelids to detach – Cristian was rushed to emergency reconstruction surgery. Because of the repression, Cristian who was there with a group of friends, were together going to head home, but instead, he was hurt and taken to hospital.

Cofadeh human rights organisation was busy checking different police stations in the capital city for arrested young people. They went to Metropolitan 1 where police denied arrestees were there. Cofadeh knew to wait a few minutes to see the truth, that four youths were in fact being held there arrested from the protests, but who were about to be transferred to the Fourth Police Station, so Cofadeh went there to pressure for the liberation of these youths. Amongst these four was a 14 years old kid, and journalist Alex Fabricio Paz. Alex recounted how he had gone to get something to eat when in front of the supermarket in the city centre where the protests were he saw police arresting young people, so Alex started filming, and a police suddenly grabbed him by the shirt and ordered him to delete the video from the phone. Alex refused, thinking it was going to be important evidence for the young people, then police told him they’d arrest him, and pushed him into the police patrol vehicle. Another arrested for being in the protest was Nahúm Pavón, whom police bashed with batons in the back, chest and nose – his nose was at the point of fracture, and internal bruising afterards was noted. Olvin Javier Lagos, 21 years old journalist student who was marching with his classmates, who were all trying to flee and go home when police started chasing them, but they were grabbed by police. Olvin was kicked by police twice, but he heard a police telling other police to stop kicking because there was a camera filming. He felt shaken from it all, but is still very much determined to keep fighting. The few other unnamed included people who were in the protest and others who were passing through. One was 22 years old Emerson Padilla, whowas on his bike going out to buy some charcoal to prepare the family lunch, when police attacked him with batons on his back, he said he would report the police and the police didn’t care.

Alliances of police were obvious as places such as certain churches and the restaurant of businessperson and politician INTUR president and Canal 3 TSI Ana María Villeda opened their spaces up for police to use to hide and station in, in preparation for the repression. It was also seen that police and military had new uniforms and equipment; evidence of state investment into them.

Another migrants caravan set off – a reminder that migration pressures only increase during a pandemic

On 2 September 2020 at 3pm, the tenth caravan of indignados migrants, set off their journey, from the Guadalupe bridges in Tegucigalpa.

Model cities developing during pandemic

In Roatán, Bay Islands, there is a model city developing there called ‘Prospera’. On 12 September 2020, there are reports that terror campaigns by the developers against the people there had began. Journalists had gone there to report on what is happening but public guards blocked their entry, telling the journalists that the road is private and that people are prohibited from going through.

In Zacate Grande península down south where the elite of the country have holiday homes alongside fishing communities that the elites have been working to push out, there is similarly pushes to create a touristic centre that would be a model city owned and governed over existing communities, that would exploit and take advantage of that the largest solar energy park in Central America is there. Already this park had through massive excavation and its hot solar plates that destroyed local ecosystems, eliminated a number of fish species in the area and killed birds that fly into hot structures, compounded by the chemicals disposed into the rivers already by melons company businessperson Miguel Molina. The solar park in addition had increased poor families energy bills five fold. In this context, at the end of September 2020, Zacate Grande community leader of organisation Adepza, Pedro Canales, received the latest death threat; someone came to his home and told him he knew who Pedro was and how the assassination against him will be carried out. This was followed by then seeing one of his guard dogs coming home bullet wounded, the dog shortly after approaching him collapsed and died. His dog was not the first to die this way in the area, two others have been assassinated like that when near the Facusse (Honduran elite) family security guards. Pedro has been struggling in defence of beaches and territories with the communities there for many years, standing their ground against pressure by elites for communities to leave the area, along with the rich’s ambition of having the land free of persons. Two others, Abel Perez and Santos Hernández, had been put behind bars in 2017, being community organisers also. Over 3000 people form the 13 communities that live on fishing and agriculture in Zacate Grande peninsula.

General COVID-19 update for September 2020

In Honduras, total confirmed cases went up from 61,789 on 1 September to 76900 on 30 September, and during the same month, an additional 480 persons died from COVID-19 adding the total death toll to 2353 on 30 September 2020. Amongst these 480 persons who died from COVID-19 in Honduras during September is ‘Moncho’ Ramon Enrique Hernández, a revolutionary musician who is remembered not only for playing music in resistance concerts but also for troubleshooting and contributing to these to make sure they happen, whether by having a missing cable handy or by climbing up a pole to access electricity supply or the provision of a sound system, or filling in others bands being a musician who plays many instruments. He stopped things from falling apart and hugged the world with his light in problem solving. He is remembered for his own music, brilliant musicianship and impeccable ear as well.

Healthcare workers and COVID-19

On 16 September 2020, Dr Samuel Santos, fighting his COVID-19 infection, sent a message from his private hospital bed, ‘I will get up to keep fighting. Without health and education, there is no nation’ he acknowledged that not everyone has access to quality healthcare in Honduras and vowed to fight for a Honduras where all Hondurans have access to quality healthcare, when he gets better from COVID-19.

On 27 September 2020, Dr Manuel Sarmiento Soto died, the loss of his life is deeply regretted, as not only had he dedicated his life to saving lives, but he was a doctor and person who empathised with everyone he had gotten to know.

Courts decide to make more political prisoners

When prisons are high risk, people should in general not be sent to prison. A number of prisoners have died from COVID-19 in prison including political prisoner and high profile journalist David Romero. Instead of working to release more prisoners and all political prisoners, Honduran courts had on 3 September 2020 decided to add to the problem by making the ruling for student organisers for public education, Cesario Padilla, Sergio Ulloa and Moíses Cáceres of UNAH public university, to go to prison. The determination was for them to be locked up in Tamara prison for 3 years, where their lives will be at risk.

Homophobic attack

On 13 September 2020, in Comayagua, a gay person in a red dress on a street bench was seen with blood dripping all over from his arm. He was assaulted inside a bar by a homophobic attacker with a machete. When he approached authorities – judge and police, they turned him away. A health clinic attended to him but charged him 2200 lempiras (US$88).

Gunshots fired at Libre party lawyer

On 13 September 2020, a stormy and rainy afternoon, the lawyer of Libre Party, Benedicto Santos, was driving with open window, happily, from Reitoca towards Tegucigalpa to visit his brother, when he heard a noise and assumed it was related to the storm, until he felt his bottom burning, and realised that a bullet had been shot at him, and had it been two inches higher, they would have shot him in the spine. Since it happened outside a police station by someone waiting and expecting him to drive past, he is sure this attempt against him was by the state. He is a known critic of the state and his travel was partly to see family, and also for political meetings. Examining his car after, he could see at least two gunshots were fired, the other having hit the button for opening and closing the car window.

Police bashed and arrested black young activist

On 1 September 2020, in Sonaguera, Colon, black young Garífuna – Victor Ordonez, for recording abusive behaviour by police, was bashed and arrested by police, in his eye and over the body. Victor also has a father who is a Libre councillor. #BLM

August 2020 Honduras coup and pandemic update

This August 2020, we see Honduran people continue to suffer the lack of healthcare and the militarisation under the pandemic, with stories of majorly blatant examples of the dictatorship’s approach to people, arresting and killing a 74 year old healthy man for ‘breaking the curfew’ outside his own home, disappearing a 16 year old whose family had been involved in ‘Where is the Money?’ campaigns, and arresting a COVID-19 frontline doctor, preventing his delivery of an oxygen tank to a patient who needed it, the doctor being someone critical of the JOH dictatorship regime.

Honduras has the worst Covid-19 recovery rates in the world, at no.184

On 7 August 2020, a report on recovery rates of 184 countries was released. Honduras was no. 184, with a recovery rate at this time of 8.18%, with 70.65% of confirmed cases becoming severe cases. In calculating the comparisons, they take into account the number of confirmed cases, number of recovered persons, how long do recoveries take, what % of known cases became severe cases, and deaths. It can mean there are numerous unconfirmed cases in the community, and also, that more people develop severe cases and many die due to the atrocious healthcare and welfare situation, which also means more people have chronic health conditions in the first place and are more vulnerable to developing severe COVID-19, due to various life conditions.

The confirmed cases like in July, increased by about 20,000 in August, going from 42,685 confirmed cases on 1 August to 61,014 on 31 August. The total COVID-19 death toll was 1368 on 1 August, went up to 1712 by 31 August, showing several hundred had died of COVID-19 during August in Honduras. On 1 August, it was reported that 5694 had recovered in total, and 1374 were hospitalised, 335 of whom are in critical condition, with 43 in ICUs. On 31 August, it was noted that 10,396 had recovered in total, and 909 were hospitalised, 169 of whom were in critical condition. Note the number of persons in critical condition is always far greater than the number of persons in ICU – presumably due to lack of capacity and resources because of laundering of COVID-19 funds.

Another notable point from the Honduran public COVID-19 data, is that on 31 August 1712 new tests were done, from which, 840 new positive results. This very high percentage of positive results suggests that the tests are not freely available and that many more are likely to have COVID-19 who didn’t have access to testing.

So Where Is The Money? A snapshot at the area of Lempira, and of two prisons’ situations

Lempira is an area of grave poverty where many people don’t have access to masks – faced with the difficult decision of buying food/medicine/paying for transport, or buying masks. In Gracias, the capital city of Lempira, authorities had a COVID-19 triage centre set up in the Cultural Housing facing the central park in the busiest area of the city. People in Gracias worried that locating it there would then make the area a hotspot, a place of contagion. The region also has no resources for attending to suspected or confirmed cases, its main hospital having only basic capacities. The Gracias prison began to have COVID-19 breakout in the prison, and in June-July the hospital attended mostly prisoners, using donations and PPE from NGOs like World Vision, not having had state funding for COVID-19. The regime said on 5 August 2020 that the state budget for addressing COVID-19 had gone up to US$200 million, to pay health care workers, for humanitarian assistance, PPE, transport of tests, tests, medicines, training, infrastructure improvements, clinics, mobile hospitals and food packages – but all these areas remain highly inadequate in Lempira and most of Honduras. Testing is not free and accessible as it should be. There have been 126 confirmed cases to date in Lempira, with 6 deaths, three of which died the same week in hospital; all were prisoners. It is not known inside the prisons, the real numbers of infected persons, nor the health conditions the prisoners have been in. Rural communities are much poorer than they were before the pandemic, due to the closure of small and micro markets.

A prison in another town, in Valle de Siria, a prisoner’s family spoke of torture there, of prisoners having been denied water for 7 days, and having gone without electricity, masks, and hand sanitiser, on top of which, they are abused by Tigre forces.

And why so many soldiers?

Generally, under the dictatorship’s curfew in the name of curbing pandemic, violence from police and soldiers is rampant and despicable, such as:

Old man tortured and killed by police for ‘breaking curfew’

On 3 August 2020, 74 year old Rufino Portillo was, like many other days, on the footpath by his home in the Entre Cerros community in Santa Barbara – but on this day, just for being there, police proceeded to arrest him for violating the curfew. ‘But he was at his home, on the footpath, he always spent time on the footpath,’ his family protested, thinking he would be back. Rufino did not resist arrest. Rufino was returned quickly enough, but not alive – the family received a phone call from the police, informing them that ‘he had died’ Not only was he killed, the family could see on his returned body, that he had an eye pulled out, his neck was broken, and there was a deep wound under one of his ears. There were bones broken and bruises all over his body and back. There were people just two blocks from the family’s home who witnessed that the police had been bashing him the whole time that he was under custody inside the police patrol vehicle. When the police finally took Rufino to the hospital, he was dead already. The family had no doubt the police killed Rufino. ‘We want justice, what they did to him, they could do to anybody here,’ Rufino’s spouse added, ‘we are sure they killed him, because they took him all good and healthy from the house’. The community is in solidarity with them and horrified by what police did to their elderly neighbour.

A 16 year old disappeared, in the context of military lock-down

Similarly, and also from Santa Barbara, comes the story of a family and parents actively involved in the ‘Where is the money?’ (campaign against state corruption where immense amounts of state and international funds for addressing COVID-19 are laundered and the poor majority have no protection nor healthcare) – the family’s 16 year old son José Miguel Hernández Tejada, was forcefully disappeared on August 12. In El Carreto community, that morning at 7am José walked his mum Lizeth to a point where she got picked up to go to a training session for the National Register of Persons, not knowing she might not see him again after that. José went back home to have breakfast. His grandmother sent a cake with him to take to the home of his uncles and aunties since he was going to the urban centre Las Vegas where the aunts and uncles live. He left on a black and orange yamaha motorcycle that morning, with the cake in his backpack. His mum was worried when at 6.30pm she hadn’t seen or heard from him. She texted him, ‘José Miguel, where are you?’ She could see the Whatsapp message wasn’t transmitted – he mustn’t have been in reception then, so she wrote to her nephew who lives where the cake was to be dropped, and she started to really worry when he said he hadn’t heard from her son at all that day. Lizeth then contacted the son’s girlfriend, who also said she hadn’t heard from him. That night at 11.30pm, Lizeth called Las Vegas police station, asking them if they had arrested a minor on a motorcycle because of the curfew, she really hoped they’d said yes – because that would mean knowing where he was at the least, but they said no. She couldn’t sleep that night. She kept hearing motorcycles that night and hoped each one was her son coming home. She waited for 9am to be able to report her son as disappeared, since the law stipulates that a person needs to have been disappeared for 24 hours first. She went to Las Vegas Police Investigative Department. They made her wait 40 minutes before attending to her, despite her visible desperation. The family and community tirelessly searched for José Miguel for five days, looking at sides of highways, talking with people in Las Vegas. Its through their own search efforts that they know he was last seen by someone who lives in Las Vegas at about 9.30am that morning. Lizeth tried to push the police to investigate properly by going to the Santa Barbara Prosecutor’s office three days into this ordeal – but there, she learnt that the police hadn’t even entered the report of the disappearance into the system. Cofadeh human rights organisation also helped apply pressure by putting in an Habeas Corpus, but authorities acted without urgency, waiting till 7 August to name an executive judge for the case. Cofadeh also notified UN. Nine days past, on 12 August, Lizeth made another formal report, this time to prosecutor Hector Gomez, and was horrified that he wouldn’t receive her report because forced disappearance ‘wasn’t a crime’ – so her next complaint was against him to the CONADEH human rights commissioner, and to ask CONADEH to report on the disappearance.

José Miguel’s parents say he is always helping people, and never stops to think twice before helping someone in need. He was a student. He loves and repairs motorcycles, and dreams of becoming a great motorcycle mechanic.

Weeks ago, young Garífuna leaders were also forcefully disappeared and this continued throughout August. Garífuna organisation Ofraneh emphasised that this was not an isolated case. There are many people disappeared during this time where the military is in control of the streets, and there is systematic violence against Garífuna people in the process of the dispossession of their territories by businesses and industries.

More police abuses

On 6 August 2020, on the streets of Boulevarde Fuerzas Armadas in Tegucigalpa, police confiscated cloth puppets from people who were using them on the streets to ask for money.

On 8 August 2020, there were reports of police intimidation and abuse against Guapinol community villagers who continue to oppose mining alongside compas who have been locked up as political prisoners for a while now.

In Choloma, Cortés, police threw a tear gas bomb at a minibus with passengers inside, without a care for the lives of the passengers.

On 20 August 2020, teachers unions protested outside the congress against the regime’s moves to cancel the school year and not pay teachers’ salaries. In response, Tigre special squad and police cordoned off the congress.

On 24 August 2020, Omar Elvir was riding with a group of cyclists from Sector 8 – it was unclear if the cyclists were in a protest action but Omar sent a public protest message by yelling out ‘get out JOH!’ at a checkpoint at Emisoras Unidades, for which he was arrested and taken to Manchen police station.

On 31 August 2020, in Sonaguera, Colón, police bashed young Garífuna (black) guy, Victor Ordoñez, for being there recording the abuse police were committing against people, leaving his eye swollen and face bruised. Victor is the son of municipal councillor of Libre party, Rosalio Ordoñez.

Health care workers dying and persecuted by police, and bare militarised hospitals

Public hospitals in Honduras are absolutely maxed out in their capacity. Healthcare workers continue to speak out about not being paid and about lack of PPE, of workplace harassment and work overload. At least 31 doctors have died with covid-19 in honduras to date.

Hospitals were becoming militarised. On 2 August 2020, a doctor arrived on his shift, expecting to be given a KN95 mask, a hospital scrub, gloves and surgical boots, as normally happens, but instead, found the military in charge of the hospital and particularly in the equipment. The soldiers checked his name and noted that there were no known COVID-19 patients assigned to his ward areas yet that day and gave him only the mask and not other equipment. Luckily, this doctor carried some back up equipment with him and did not have to work underprotected that day.

On 5 August 2020, of Santa Cruz de Yojoa, a frontline doctor who had since the beginning of the pandemic fought hard to save patients’ lives, Pablo Enrique Ulloa Caceres, died of COVID-19 in the midnight hours. His death left great pain for his parents, siblings, nephews, nieces, children and other relatives.

But are doctors whose lives are so at risk due to high doses of COVID-19 exposure highly regarded by the regime? They should be, but there are so many stories that have reinforced that they are not only not well regarded but are outright persecuted when they speak up about the reality of the health care system.

On 11 August 2020, a frontline doctor for COVID-19, the first doctor to evaluate COVID-19 patients in Honduras, Dr Marco Eliud Giron, was driving and carrying an oxygen tank and was heading somewhere to fill the oxygen tank and then deliver it to a COVID-19 patient who was in a critical state and urgently needed the oxygen tank to literally save this person’s life, when a taxi hit his car with force that almost knocked his car off the highway. Dr Marco Eliud Giron reached for his black mask to talk to the taxi driver and in that moment the passengers in the taxi approached the traffic police nearby and accused the doctor of threatening them with firearms (the mask). The next thing Dr Marco knew, his car, with himself and the mask and oxygen tank inside it, was being towed by a police tow truck, the traffic police having 100% accepted the taxi passengers’ version of events and paid no attention to the context either. Without having talked to him yet or looked inside his car, the Security Department already posted a press release to say ‘a doctor’ had been accused of threatening a couple with a weapon. While being towed, Dr Marco live streamed using his phone to show what situation he was in and also to contact people for help. It was only when the truck stopped inside a locked up parking lot that police approached him and he asked, still videoing, where they were. They were at the Metropolitan Traffic Police Squad and there, the video switched off and Dr Marco was taken into custody, subsequently transferred to a police cell in Core 7 in Tegucigalpa together with other cellmates. They were 22 long  hours under custody, people worried for his life, advocates demanded that he received medical evaluation due to having been in a car crash. It was with the pressure of Cofadeh and a private lawyer, and from people protesting outside the court in solidarity from 7am, that he was released the next morning about 9am and transferred to IHSS hospital to check on arterial pressure complications, at the request of COFADEH. Inside the court, he declared, ‘if you are going to arrest me, do it, but stop torturing me.’ At the time of release, prosecutor Lesly López was still analysing the police report and unable to confirm what charges were to be laid. Dr Marco Eliud Girón had spoken up about death threats and political persecution since the 2009 coup, having always been a voice of critique against the dictatorship and its corruption, the newest fact being that when president JOH told the world that he had COVID-19 and was being treated in Hospital Militar (literally a private hospital for his family), he was actually being treated there for an alcoholic disease he has. Dr Marco Eliud Giron was sure that his arrest happened due to an order from JOH.

The next day, on 13 August 2020, another doctor who speaks up criticising how the regime is managing the COVID-19 crisis including the money laundering of COVID-19 funds, Dr Ligia Ramos, a committee director of Medical Association of Honduras CMH, spoke up on Twitter about police harassment and persecution. There was a police patrol vehicle PM-518 sitting in front of her house and the officers inside it came out to take photos of her home. They stood so close that her dog reacted barking at one of them. On Dr Marco Eliud Giron’s arrest, Dr Ligia Ramos said that he was released because there was no evidence to accuse him and she was sure that the whole scene and arrest would have been orchestrated to terrorise doctors who have spoken up about the atrocities of the JOH regime. Last month, she plead for maquila factories to be closed down to slow contagion, these being major clusters in Cortés (maquila workers have their own set of demands related to their health, and their livelihoods and welfare). She belongs to the Platform for (Public) Health and Education in Honduras, and practises as a dermatologist. Back in 2015, she had received death threats from national party activists via facebook.

On 14 August 2020, in Barrio Abajo in Tegucigalpa, Dr Juan Cálix died from COVID19, he was an intern in IHSS hospital, and a teacher at the Luis Bogran Institute public high school

On 16 August 2020, Dr Maria Angelica Milla, together with lawyers Gracia Maria Bertrand and Pablo Gómez, were painting ‘Where is the money?’ on a public surface near the Olimpica stadium in San Pedro Sula (a message that continues to be painted all around Honduras), when the trio was arrested by police. Police claimed that it was not for graffiti, but for breaking the curfew, as it was not her day of circulation, and she only had exemption when travelling for work, but they did not consider her painting those words her healthcare work. Since people immediately activated pressure using social media, all three were released not long after their capture, instead of being held for 24 hours as threatened.

On 27 August 2020, the saga of state laundering of COVID-19 funds continued and with the public budget further ventillators were bought for the military hospital in case JOH’s family got sick, while public hospitals have many dying without access to ventillators.

Journalists under threat

On 1 August 2020, Radio Globo journalist Marvin Neptalí Ortiz was driving by Suyapa Boulevarde in Tegucigalpa towards the radio station when the front left wheel of his car fell off – an incident that could have killed him or others and would have been pre-planned by somebody doing something to his car during the night. This occurred exactly 15 days after Radio Globo director David Romero died after having caught COVID-19 in prison and received delayed hospitalisation. Marvin knew it was an attempt against his life because of his work.

In Villanueva, Cortés, another journalist Rony Pineda in the north of Honduras continued to receive constant death threats. ‘I had to shut up to save my life, I got out. I had to sell my equipment because of fear. I felt that if they saw me with my equipment my life would be at risk.’ The threats started two years ago, with gunshots as he walked on the streets and could sense he was being watched. Rony used to use a camera and a drone to capture aerial videos to put on his facebook page ‘Así es Dos Caminos City’, he had already stopped updating it from June 2019 due to the threats. Rony used to cover protest actions in the region. Another time in 2018, while he was covering a protest, and took a photo where police pointed their weapons at the protest, a police tried to snatch his camera, and did snatch and destroy his mobile phone. He managed to share the photo on social media and it went viral, but that also caught the police’s attention who followed his personal facebook and left him death threats there, including under the name of Armando Chirino, who had a photo of JOH on his profile picture. One of the messages was simply, ‘I am going to kill you’. This month, on 17 August 2020, he received facebook messages that attach pictures of his family and car, saying, ‘I don’t have to push you to give me your address, I already know where you live, where you work, who you get along with,’ and then attached further photos of people he is close to. The persecution always ramped up after he speaks up about things that happen in Dos Caminos. Later during August, Rony was on the road when a big car hit him and threw him onto the road. This was the last straw for him, knowing they really want to hurt him and his family. He silenced his page. His relatives might seek asylum. He needs this reality of his life there to change.

Pushed through logging, COVID-19 times

As in many parts of the world, the regime uses a Shock Doctrine and pushes through extractive projects. The latest case is of Minera Aura Mineral mining company, logging forested land against the Azacualpa community, placing people’s health and housing at grave risk. The community asks for solidarity in raising their voice, ‘today its us, tomorrow it could be your community’.

July 2020 Honduras Coup and Pandemic Update

July 2020 Honduras Coup and Pandemic Update


Living under a dictatorship regime where global and national capital, together with regime leaders, continue to profit through laundering and exploiting the people and the land – when you put a pandemic into that equation it’s a disaster, as we can see in Honduras. Government offers no protection for its poor majority, the money officially designated for healthcare doesn’t translate into actual healthcare, and there is no welfare to enable people to stay home, but the military is controlling the streets and spreading the illness. Communities and organisations continue to campaign for the ‘Where is the money?’ campaign, with voices reverberating from zoom conferences, to managing to stage large letters across highways, printing the question on roads for drivers to see, and on walls for passers-by – people must have found holes in the militarisation. They paint their pained words about losing increasing numbers of fellow Hondurans to death from COVID-19, lives lost due to government’s greed and lies. This July 2020 we saw many attacks against people and organisers, and we continue to see that on the other hand, big businesses that don’t even have environmental permits are free to move around, operate, and act in ways that are harmful to people and environment. And similar to discourse familiar to all of us worldwide about balancing the economy over staying home, this regime, like others, is broadcasting that the nation only has a chance of surviving the pandemic, if ‘development (mega) projects’ of mining, logging, energy etc go ahead and if people also put up with low wages (not to mention threats, killings, and arrests to impose opposed projects) so that large profits can be made from them. International development finance organisations also continue to ignore the violence meted out by capital and by the regime and fuel this fire, passing loans to the regime and ignoring cries from communities who dream of a different kind of ‘development’.


COVID-19 update


On 1 July 2020, there were 20,262 confirmed cases of COVID-19, and a total death toll of 521. By 31 July 2020, the confirmed cases went up by more than double, with 42,014 confirmed cases, and the death toll a lot more than doubled, having reached 1337 deaths to COVID-19 by this date. During July daily new case numbers ranged between 406 and 1042. Remember the lack of welfare available to people, the very real daily economic pressures to work, the overcrowding of family homes that may also have poor access to water, making self isolation impossible, and on top of that, energy bills and grocery costs only increased, public staff as usual are paid months late, and thousands of other workers lost their jobs. And as well as COVID-19 and the dictatorship, people are dealing with tropical storms, and dengue.


Prisoners, political prisoners and COVID-19 contagion inside prisons. David Romero dies of Covid-19 in prison.


By 18 July 2020, contagion in the prisons had become severe, and a high profile anti-coup anti-corruption journalist and director of Radio Globo – David Romero, who was politically imprisoned from the 2015 defamation case against prosecutor Sonia Gálvez (found guilty and sentenced to 10 years as of 28 March 2019), had died from COVID-19 in prison, after having had COVID-19 symptoms for five days. He was only finally hospitalised on 5 July 2020 when his partner and fellow journalist Lidieth Díaz spoke up about his need to be in hospital. David suffered several respiratory strokes before dying in hospital on 18 July 2020. David was someone who spoke up against the dictatorship. David was also someone who was accused of rape against his daughter. Whether as a martyr and political prisoner, or as someone who abused his daughter, he should not have been denied healthcare, nor exposed to the pandemic contagion inside the prison. Following his death, there was a caravan of people demanding justice.


By around the same date, there were 1055 confirmed COVID-19 cases in Honduran prisons from ‘fast tests’, and a further 838 confirmed COVID-19 cases from swab tests, and cases were identified in 20 of Honduras’s 28 prisons, within a total prison population of approximately 22,000. At least 25 people had died with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 in prison, like David Romero. There were other deaths in prisons too in the same time period, from massacres for instance – 11, including 7 women, died from having been killed by others. Amongst the prisoners are a large portion of people who have not yet been sentenced after having been denied bail, including the eight political prisoners of Guapinol, the young teacher Rommel Baldemar Herrera, and young Victor Castillo. All their lives are at risk and campaigns continue for political prisoners to be released before more of them die – at this stage only one political prisoner had been released since the pandemic began. The conditions during isolation due to lack of visits are severe, as are reports of increased torture by military forces inside prisons.


Outside, the streets are also under military control and there has been a number of forced disappearances under conditions of curfew.


Organisers and human rights defenders persecuted under pandemic conditions


Young organiser threatened, killed


Marvin Damián Castro Molina, a 29 year old organiser who organised young people’s networks in Valle and Choluteca, who is well known in social struggle scenes, had received death threats, and had told the authorities about these and the fear he had for his life, about one week before 12 July 2020. On this date his family saw Marvin take a call, then they didn’t see him again and people began looking for him. On the next day, 13 July 2020, his body was found in the Sacamil River in the Agua Tibia community. He had been bashed in the head and then thrown into the river. The same afternoon, his grief stricken family, friends and compas buried his body. Marvin was the president of the Pespirense Youth Network, which coordinated the Pespirense Development Association of Honduras, and was also the youth committee coordinator of MASSVida Environmentalist and Social Movement of the South For Life.

Marvin Damian Castro

Where are the Four Black Garífuna Leaders Abducted and Disappeared by Police?


On 18 July 2020, at 6am, a group of armed men wearing bullet proof vests raided and pulled out four Garífuna compas and siblings from their own homes, including Triunfo de la Cruz community leader and community committee president Alberth Sneider Centeno, Milton Joel Martínez Alvarez, Suamy Aparicio Mejía and Gerardo Trochez.


Early on 20 July 2020, the Garífuna Triunfo de la Cruz community self organised and made noise about the disappearances by barricading the CA13 highway, demanding that the five be released alive. This community faced threats of repression from the police that day, and saw the police militarising and getting ready to repress instead of seeming to investigate the disappearances. For many nights, the Triunfo de la Cruz community faced terror and intimidation from vehicles entering the community in the nights with heavily armed people inside. On 21 July 2020, neighbouring Garífuna communities protested in solidarity with the disappeared compas of the Triunfo de la Cruz community also barricading their points of the C-13 highway, and at 10.20am, the Sambo Creek community had been protesting since early that morning holding up signs, burning tyres and expressing their demands, when police charged at and chased them with batons and teargas bombs. Protesters said ‘we are showing the rage and pain that we feel with the abduction of our brothers of Triunfo de la Cruz. We don’t know if they are alive or dead, all we know is that they were kidnapped by people in police investigative uniforms who arrived to that community in four cars’.


The Garífuna people of Honduras have suffered a lot of killings and attacks. They know it comes from when Miguel Facussé, the palm giant, was alive – he flew in a private jet with Rafael Ferri over the Tela Bay areas, and they talked in the air about their dreams of placing 5 star hotels, touristic golf clubs, etc all over to squeeze out maximum profits. They dreamt happily except for the part where they knew that there are Black Garífuna people who have lived in these places ancestrally who would not willingly be dispossessed of their lands to make way for these capitalist ventures gearing towards rich tourists. However, these two powerful rich businesspersons had under their thumbs the dictatorship regime that supplies them with requested laws, hitmen, soldiers, finance and lobbying in order to attack Black people, destroy their land titles, divide Black people, contaminate the rivers, etc. In the case of the four disappeared 1980s-death-squad-style on 18 July 2020, all four were members of community land committees. The regime tries to create rumours about the four having simply travelled to other countries. The people know better. They know from reports from different provinces of Honduras about armed groups that have been created to during this COVID-19 lockdown period to eliminate land, environmental and social defenders who are in the way of capitalist and dictatorship projects. Because these groups exist, and because streets are under military control with COVID-19 curfews, during lockdown, it is clear the military either carried out the abductions themselves, or knew about the movements of other armed groups and let them pass through checkpoints asking no questions, and therefore are responsible by association.


On 30 July 2020, four bodies were found in Tela Atlantida. People demanded autopsies… they could be Alberth, Milton, Suamy and Gerardo, but they may well be other people, with violent deaths not uncommon. This is occuring in the context of the global Black Lives Matter (BLM) struggle, and Garífunas lives are Black lives – GBLM.


University security worker who struggled for collective work rights assassinated on his way home from the demo


On 13 July 2020 – as reported by students of UNAH, CURLA campus in La Ceiba – 51 year old security guard Oscar Obdulio Turcios Fúnes who worked at that campus and belonged to the SITRAUNAH university workers union, was participating in a protest on campus demanding the backpay of unpaid salaries, for their contract conditions to be fulfilled, to be supplied with PPE and to be able to work in a socially distanced environment. Protest organisers asked people who could not attend the protest because they were staying home, to send messages to the radio, tv, and on social media, demanding that workers at universities and hospitals and schools be paid. It was on Oscar’s way home after the protest that he was murdered.


Death threats against indigenous organiser


During July 2020, the women’s coordinator of MILPAH – Lenca Indigenous independent movement of La Paz Honduras, María Felicita López, had received a death threat on her mobile phone, with the message, ‘you will die, daughter of a big bitch’. On 24 July 2020, the attacks escalated from telephone death threats (she had received many attacks and threats before that message), to encountering hooded persons armed with machetes on a road that she and a relative were going to pass through. This is in the context of increasing attacks against Indigenous peoples in Honduras.


Indigenous land defender sentenced to 4 years in prison


On 29 July 2020, Pedro Amaya, a Lenca Indigenous defender who was arrested for and when working on land that was supposedly forestry land. He was preparing the land to grow corn and basic grains to feed his family. He told the court, ‘I was working on this parcel of land, like my ancesters had taught me to. To produce on land like this is an ancestral practice of my people and is not a crime.’ The judge saw his standing up for his Indigenous rights and ways as a defiance that must be punished and sentenced him to four years of prison – human rights organisations are fighting to appeal this.


Hate crime – trans human rights defender killed


On 14 July, unidentified people who drove in a grey tourist van without numberplates through El Arbolito, Barrio Plazuela in Tegucigalpa that night approached and shot several times at Scarlett Cambell and fled the scene. Scarlett was a trans woman and sex worker, and before she was shot, she was on the street with other compañeras looking for sex work clients. Scarlett was rushed to hospital but died in hospital hours after being shot.  Scarlett belonged to the Rainbow Dolls Association, and was a well-known trans women’s rights and human rights defender especially in relation to the access to health services and equal opportunities. In Honduras, so far in 2020, 11 queer persons have been assassinated including 5 trans people, 5 gay men, and 1 lesbian.



An organiser who organised against state plunder of COVID-19 funds died of COVID-19


On 15 July, human rights defender Agustín Díaz Medina died in the Gabriela Alvarado hospital due to COVID-19. Agustín was involved in organising to protest the corruption of the dictatorship having plundered hospitals and made them bare of resources meant for dealing with COVID-19. It was likely that Agustín had received inadequate care in the hospital – low on supplies, beds, oxygen tanks, tests, staffing, and protection for staffing. Agustín had been part of social movements for a long time, he was part of the National Popular Resistance Front FNRP when the coup began. Many are very sad to lose him.


Police arrested youths for having protested against police having fired gunshots


On 20 July, in Ceibita, Santa Barbara, a group of youths were gathering on the community football field when police fired gunshots in the air in a show of psychopathic endangerment. When the youths Marco Stanley Zamora Fernández and Oscar Danilo Cáceres protested in outrage about the police intimidation and having put their lives at risk by playing with their guns, the police’s response was to arrest them. Other youths managed to flee.


At least 4 health care workers died of COVID-19 this month, rural health care workers are in desperation, health care workers in general are gagged, and one frontline COVID-19 ward doctor who was involved in organising was fired


On 5 July 2020, Dr Luis Reyes Jerezano died of COVID19.

dr luis reyes jerezano

On 6 July 2020, the Medical Association of Honduras urged for the maquiladora (foreign-owned factory) industry in San Pedro Sula to be closed, with the region having a high number of infections and the health system there under collapse.


On 12 July 2020, the Medical Association of Honduras grieves the loss of another colleague, María Elena Espinal, who worked in the laboratory of Hospital Del Sur.

Maria Elena Espinal

On 15 July 2020, paediatrician Oscar Arturo Ney Rivera, who is affectionately referred to as Dr Ney by the community, died of COVID-19. The community also grieved the loss of another very good doctor.

dr oscar

On 16 July 2020, Dr Adalberto Mejía died in San Pedro Sula of COVID-19, and was the ex-director of Santa Barbara hospital.

dr adalberto mejia

Health care workers in isolated areas are especially desperate, with inadequate space, equipment, PPE, staffing, etc, to attend to patients with COVID-19. For instance, in La Mosquitia, the hospital has 12 COVID-19 patients admitted with 5 in a critical state, without any access to oxygen tanks.


On 17 July 2020, in Cortés, there was official state communication from the region’s area health director, Dinorah Nolasco, prohibiting the region’s health coordinators from giving information to human rights defenders, journalists and even prosecutors, about conditions of the health systems, unless they were on a designated list of 12 people whom she had nominated to be spokespersons, gagging everyone else who works under the terrible hospital conditions.


On 28 July 2020, Dr Angel Lenin Flores, a frontline worker in the COVID-19 ward of Leonardo Martínez hospital, San Pedro Sula, Cortés, was fired after having spoken up with other colleagues about the inadequate PPE – including masks – for entering the COVID-19 wards, about overdue wage and allowances payments, and about supervisors who yell at, laugh at and insult the frontline workers. He received a letter from the head of ‘development of human talent’, Dinora Caballero Merino, advising that his contract at the hospital was not going to be renewed as of 1 August 2020. He had seen it coming that he was going to be fired for speaking up. Them firing a frontline worker under extreme pandemic conditions for protesting is ludicrous. Before being fired, he worked around the clock under an exploitative and inhumane rostering system. As well as extremely overworked, their work was also extremely dangerous, the COVID-19 ward team having had several healthcare worker deaths from COVID-19 already.


Two assassinated journalists


On 1 July 2020, at Residencial El Naranjal, La Ceiba, a journalist German Gerardo Vallecillo Chávez (aged 41) and cameraperson Jorge Posas (aged 27) of the local Canal 45 TV station were assassinated, during curfew, by attackers with firearms. Working in a region heavily hit by COVID-19, German Vallecillo ‘Vallecillo Junior’, who has a dad – also a journalist, with the same name, worked hard to promote actions of solidarity and against stigmatisation of people who have COVID-19. German was very much seen as an ‘influencer’. German’s father was expecting to have lunch with him this day, because it was German’s birthday and the plan was to have a family lunch celebration. He was very popular and received many birthday greetings on facebook at 7am that morning and at that time he wrote that he wouldn’t be able to answer all the messages in one day even if he were to dedicate the day to do that. German never came to lunch. Before lunch that day footage emerged from video cameras showing armed men in another car intercepting the vehicle Vallecillo and Posas were in, shooting at both of them several times – they both died immediately. Five suspects had been arrested for the murders. The father said he forgave the assassin of his son.

German-y-Jorge-periodistas la ceiba julio 2020



Journalist arrested for kindness


On 23 July 2020, in Omoa, Puerto Cortés, journalist Mauricio, for having been kind and inviting two people to have breakfast on him, the pair having returned to Honduras after being deported from the US, was arrested by police.


Police inaction on persecution against journalist


On 26 July 2020, in Nacaome, Valle, journalist Leonel García was driving home after visiting his daughter at 7.30pm when he saw that a white Nissan car registered to Nacaome council was following him. When he was at the police highway checkpoint, he reported that he was being followed to the police, describing the car behind him. When the police spoke to that car behind him, they only asked him who the car belonged to, and let him drive on without further questions.


Journalists who died of covid-19 this month


On 2 July 2020, well loved journalist, Francis Jackeline Bojorquez, of Choluteca, died in hospital during the night with suspected COVID-19. She had worked in Radio América, Radio Valle for over 25 years. Quite a few journalists had been infected with COVID-19 in the region.

journalist francis jojorquez

Earlier on the same day, midday of 2 July 2020, the journalist who is the head of Hable como Habla (HCH), Pablo Gerardo Matamoros, died of COVID-19 having been diagnosed as COVID-19-positive two weeks before. Quite a few journalists of HCH had made public that they were infected with COVID-19, with some that had recovered already. HCH has been, in the last few years, very notorious for their support of the dictatorship and repression, against dissent.


On 26 July 2020, print, radio and tv journalist, who last worked at Centro de Noticias tv station, Edilberto Zelaya, died with suspected COVID-19, at the National Cardiopulmonary hospital of Tegucigalpa.

edilberto zelaya periodista covid julio 2020

Other news


Penal code repealed


Finally and officially, on 3 July 2020, the much protested penal code was repealed in parliament.


Previous regime president wife guilty of corruption crimes might escape imprisonment


On 23 July 2020, Rosa Elena de Lobo along with Saúl Escobar, who had been charged with corruption crimes plundering over 16 million lempiras that were supposed to be spent on social welfare, was sentenced to 58 years of prison, but she is freed on bail while the sentencing court revises sentence measures in future court hearings.


June 2020 Honduras coup and pandemic update

June 2020 Honduras Coup Update

Police shot and killed a guy after he did not stop at checkpoint

Riner Argueta Oliva

On 21 June 2020, it was 1.30am, 38 years old Riner Argueta Oliva was driving to his plot of land to get ready to do work there, but he never made it to the land. As he drove, passing the turnoff for Corral Viejo community where a police checkpoint was getting set up – the checkpoint was still putting up cones and still waiting for all the police to arrive to staff it – police unexpectedly signalled for his car to stop. Riner’s brother Adrián said his brother ignored the signal, because he knows about all the police killings and abuses, and would have been suspicious about getting stopped when they have not finished setting up, and drove on. When police saw that he was not stopping, police gunfire was shot, first at his car tyre, and then at him, at the driver’s seat, from behind. Like the news around the world of BLM police brutality stories, locally, people knew of others who have been killed by police for things like driving without a licence or riding a motorcycle without a helmet. Witnesses saw that it was the Tigres police operation head Agent Corea who fired the gunshots, but instead of putting him behind the bars, his subordinate police officers Elmer Castellanos, Melvin Murillo, Ruperto Rodríguez and Alex Andara were locked up without bail accused of the killing, whilst Corea not only walks free but had organised himself as a protected ‘witness’ against the other police for the murder of Riner. Two days later, his families and friends gathered in a demo, grieving, and demanding justice for him and for others hurt and killed by police in the area.

Police bashed transport workers in protest

On 23 June 2020, in El Polvorín, San Pedro Sula, workers of transport sector were demonstrating and demanding their right to go out and work to be able to feed their families during this COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. Police heavily repressed the workers, who showed no signs of being even a little combative – despite which the police showed no mercy and savagely threw the workers to the ground and kicked and bashed them with batons with no human considerations for them.

El Libertador Newspaper director learned of plans to kill him

On 2 June 2020, an alert came out, that Jhony Lagos, a journalist and director of the El Libertador newspaper, had heard from high ranking police and soldiers about plans to kill him coming from dark forces of executive power. His sources told him to take extra care and strict measures for his safety. He was told that his name is on a black list that was given the go ahead two months ago. He had known that he was being followed. El Libertador is a newspaper that was founded 17 years ago that publishes stories of resistance, human rights violations and state corruption. Jhony said that if anything happens to him, his family or workmates, that the Honduran state is responsible for the attack. The state recognises him as a persecuted person and officially he receives protection but many who received such protection had nonetheless been assassinated. Jhony and his partner had suffered a lot of persecution and attacks over years.

Political prisoners

COFADEH human rights organisation continued throughout June and prior months in advocating for the release of all groups and individual political prisoners in relation to their imprisonment exposing them to COVID-19 contagion risks. These requests kept getting knocked back by the courts. On 2 June 2020, this risk directly affected the largest group of political prisoners – the eight environmental defenders of Guapinol held at Olanchito prison, where the first case of confirmed COVID-19 at this prison was admitted by the Honduran authorities. Despite this, the Guapinol political prisoners remained locked up throughout June, and meanwhile, the mining company that they organised against, Inversiones Los Pinares, and Ecotek of Lenir Pérez and Ana Facusse, continued operating in impunity and causing contamination to the rivers and protected area of Montaña de Botaderos National Park.

In Tegucigalpa, Rommel, the political prisoner of the struggle for public health and education, a young teacher charged with burning tyres outside the US Embassy, had been locked up for one year now, having spent the first five months in maximum security prison, and was subsequently transferred to Mario Mendoza psychiatric hospital with anxiety and depression. Rommel is getting worse in hospital, and with the pandemic, his family had lost contact with him because of strict controls, that had also disallowed their families from passing him food through the staff. The family only receives news of how Rommel is doing from the hospital security staff. His initial hearing was scheduled for 16 April 2020, but that was suspended indefinitely because of the pandemic, leaving him in limbo, leaving his family extremely worried about him, wanting his imprisonment to be be all over so he can be reunited with his family and begin to heal.

On 16 June 2020, 1624 prisoners were released on bail or had their sentences commuted, or were released for health reasons, due to an outbreak of COVID-19 in the prisons. None of the political prisoners were included in this release.

On 21 June 2020, it was reported that there had been over 120 confirmed cases amongst inmates in prisons in Honduras, and about five had died, with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 (prisoners are also affected by dengue, flu, chicungunya and TB.

On 27 June 2020, the first political prisoner was released during this pandemic, Felipe Esquivel was freed and had reunited with his family, with everybody wearing masks. Felipe was imprisoned since 19 December 2020, when military police raided his home in search of his partner, Aleida, an organiser of Bastion del Sur, and arrested him instead, for opposing the JOH regime, when they couldn’t find her. Felipe is relieved and happy to be with his family, having lived with daily uncertainty along with other prisoners in the Choluteca prison for the past six months. ‘Being enclosed in a prison like the case of being in Choluteca prison, is an odyssey, because the conditions are inhospitable and everyone longs for support there. Thanks to Cofadeh and my family, I had this morale and emotional and also legal and sometimes economic backing, so I thank Cofadeh for also having been with us, I am very grateful’ Felipe said that the last 3 months were the hardest, and he took the opportunity to speak up about the subhuman conditions that are lived in the prison. ‘It is a very difficult situation because the threat of the pandemic outbreak that was looming was with us prisoners, who don’t have even the minimal protection, not even a simple disposable mask, the government didn’t give us even that, and some medias said that they had already given us masks, hand sanitiser, and all that to the prisoners. I am a witness and I can declare to whereever that they never gave us even a mask, let alone hand sanitiser. The medical attention is bad, shocking. You had to go buzzing a gate three to four consecutive days in a roll to be attended, and when one arrives to where the doctor is, they tell you that you don’t have anything, you are fine, some compas have high fevers, and the doctors would tell them that they were okay too. Also, the overcrowding is a very difficult situation that is lived, I have information that the prison was designed for 400 persons and in this moment there are more than a thousand, that means that in many prison cells 30-35 sleep on the concrete floor, there are not even foam mattresses for them to sleep peacefully and rest. Everything is hard. The water is very limited during the summer, they need an extra water well there.’ Around that date, over 300 prisoners were sick, families weren’t allowed to bring them medicines, and amongst the sick prisoners, are some of many sleeping on concrete floors, and there may be COVID-19 cases amongst them too. That nightmare and epoca ended for Felipe, but there are other political prisoners still locked up and cannot see their families.

COVID-19 Update

Confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Honduras increased drastically from 5362 cases on 1 June 2020 to 19558 cases on 30 June 2020, with likely many more unconfirmed cases because of limited access to testing. By 1 July 2020, total number of COVID-19 deaths in Honduras reached 497.

COVID-19 deaths of health care workers

Since the beginning, sad news of deaths of Honduran health care workers had occurred every ten or so days. Many others including high profile front line doctors have tested positive (with over 800 health care workers having tested positive by 19 June 2020).

On 1 June 2020, microbiologist of HEU teaching university hospital in Tegucigalpa, Julio Licona died in his home, on this day, the JOH regime announced an ‘intelligent reopening’ of the economy – easing restrictions within the formal economy.

Julio licona microbiologist

On 19 June 2020, anaesthesia technical specialist Carlos Dubón, died from COVID-19.

Dr Carlos Dubon

On 20 June 2020, Dr Alexis Javier Reyes Amaya, who was in 2010-2012 the president of the Medical Association of Honduras, had died of COVID-19, having declared, ‘I caught it serving the people’, and while sick, he called out for people to feel no shame in having caught COVID-19, saying that the shame should be felt instead by those who contract the PPE supplies that never arrive to the hospitals’ Alexis never stopped to struggle in defence of public health and against the indifference of the JOH regime that never ceased to launder funds that are meant for enabling the safer provision of health services.

Dr Alexis Javier

On 28 June 2020, Dr Carleene Hurst of Choluteca, also died of COVID-19.

dr carlene hurst

The working conditions of health care workers in Honduras continue to be appalling, with evidentially far from adequate protection.

Journalists affected by COVID-19

On 31 May 2020 in Cortés, sports journalist Jacobo Carías who was COVID-19 positive and had kidney problems died, after having been denied dialysis treatment on 25 May 2020. He was sent to get blood and chests exams first – that he had to pay for. He was sent for exams because the dialysis department was not treating patients suspected of or positive COVID-19 and he had a high fever. Morever, results of tests can take up to 15 days, placing patients, like Jacobo, at risk.

Jacobo Carias periodista

In Choluteca alone, about 15 journalists had caught COVID-19.

JOH and other politicians hospitalised

On 16 June 2020, Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernández announced that he and his wife had tested positive to COVID-19, along with two others who worked for them. The following day, the 51-year-old JOH was hospitalized after doctors determined he had pneumonia. As he had planned and got approval from the congress, he was treated in the military hospital with doctors dedicated to his care (with far greater care than other Hondurans in critical conditions including frontline health care workers), and was put on a drip of microdacyn, azithromycin, ivermectin and zinc that his government is promoting. He was released from the hospital July 2.

There were questions about whether JOH might had strategised to avoid a special congress session on 25 June 2020, a session that some legislators had called for to abolish the penal code the social organisations have protested against for a long time. During the same zoom session, with 67 parliamentarians participating, it was announced that the congress president was also in a critical state, tubed up to breathe, also being attended to in the military hospital.

On 28 June 2020, a vice parliamentarian, lawyer Rafael Arita, of Copán, died of COVID-19 in a private clinic in San Pedro Sula.

Where are the hospitals we bought?

That is one of the questions on the lips of health care workers. Amongst the COVID-19 projects the Honduran government had contracted on 13 March 2020 was one of US$47.4 millions for seven mobile isolation hospitals. On closer look the hospitals were to be built in Turkey but paid for by US company ELMED. The described hospitals are exactly those manufactured by SDI Global LLC, whom ELMED had sought a quote for, but never made the purchase. These hospitals were nowhere to be seen in Honduras. SID Global LLC management committee president Michael Murphy gave an exclusive interview to ElPulso.Hn media, in which Michael complained about ELMED and its director and owner Axel G López, in US and Turkey. Of the budget, while no hospitals had been sent to Honduras, nor signs of them being on the way, there was on the other hand, little doubt that the flights and hotel quarantine in US had been spent for Honduran officials organising this ‘purchase’.

On paper, there are many contracts, with many companies, but hospitals continue to be sites of contagion for health care workers and patients, and there is never adequate equipment nor PPE’s. Frontline worker Dr Osmin Trovar said, ‘There was not even one new diffusion pump, nor monitor, I had to find monitors from other hospital areas. The pressure gauges for oxigen I had taken them from the dengue ward, from paediatric wards, from the internal medicine wards’ The name of the government COVID-19 response fund was also meant to address welfare needs to help contain the pandemic, but the demands of transport workers and market workers continue to be, ‘let us work to feed our families.’ They would also be very happy to be assisted to carry out their work safely and use PPEs. Or stay at home if the government provided what their families needed for survival until the pandemic is over. Neither of these are provided, and 50-60% of the economy of Latin American countries are of informal economy, so the desperation is extreme.


And, this above is a picture of the 4th quarantine centre for returned migrants (from Mexico and US), from the Honduran government’s own promotional website. Is this a place where migrants would safely be able to socially distance and be free of COVID-19 after 14 days to reunite with their families, or is this where those who hadn’t contracted COVID-19 yet would catch it from others and then perhaps go home with COVID-19?


May 2020 Honduras coup and COVID-19 update

The month of May began with 899 confirmed cases of COVID-19, 712 active cases, 75 dead and 112 recovered. On 27 May 2020, a doctor and ex minister of health during the Zelaya administration, Carlos Aguilar, who works as a pneumologist at the Torax hospital with COVID-19 patients, announced that he tested positive for COVID-19 and hopes to recover soon and return to the frontlines with fellow doctors and nurses there. On that date, there had been 188 lives lost to COVID-19. May ended with 5202 confirmed cases on 31 May 2020 with a rapid growth in confirmed cases for a small country.

May Day 2020 is an unusual May Day in the world when most people are in lockdown, such was the case in Honduras. Smaller protests took place, of hospital radiologists protesting about lack of PPE and stressed about catching COVID-19 on the frontline, while the mythical pandemic state spending and donations remains unseen to healthcare workers. Workers in general had been protesting for weeks by this point about the lack of work and food in the context of non existent welfare and day-to-day survival, a situation that only worsens as a list of 170,000 job cancellations by companies was being signed off by the state. Also protesting was Maricruz, the mother of one of the political prisoners, Rommel, who demanded the release of all political prisoners and also expressed her solidarity with Silvia Castillo, whose son, Tomás Castillo, a dreamer of the resistance, was murdered by state security agents on May Day 2016.

COVID-19 outbreaks in prisons, and, what’s happening with political prisoners?

There had been campaigns since the onset of COVID-19 to release political prisoners, now there is the added danger of COVID-19 contagion. But, even to the end of May 2020, when COVID-19 outbreaks in prisons have begun to become reality, the Honduran state had ignored cries of organisations including the UN, and released none of the political prisoners. It also must be noted that most prisoners, including all current political prisoners, have not been convicted and are languishing in severely overcrowded prisons for up to years before their trials slowly come to a close.

The first COVID-19 outbreak was in El Pozo maximum security prison in Santa Barbara. There, on 20 April 2020, a 52 years old inmate was watching TV with his cellmates when he suddenly started feeling sick, and died in the cell. It was days after his death in prison when the authorities tested his body for COVID-19 and days after the test, found and announced that the inmate had died of COVID-19.

He was not the only one from El Pozo prison to die of COVID-19. A fellow prisoner was taken from prison to hospital for Leukemia treatment – officially having provisionally tested negative to COVID-19 prior to initial transfer to hospital on 31 March and again on 11 May, to then tested COVID-19 positive on 14 May 2020 (although results were received 21 May) at which point he was transfered to Thorax Hospital for TB treatment – there was news that he recovered from TB on 21 May – having been diagnosed with TB in November 2019, but then on 27 May 2020, he died of COVID-19, presumably having caught COVID-19 while in hospital under custody.

In Tamara prison in Francisco Morazàn, a new prisoner aged 40, following his admission into the prison, tested positive for COVID-19 on 15 May 2020 and a prison emergency had been declared. By 21 May 2020, six other prisoners began to develop respiratory symptoms, having been exposed.

The courts ordered the closure of El Pozo (that held 1000 plus prisoners), the temporary closure of Tamara prison, for staff to take extra measures to prevent spread, and to make sure any prisoners taken to hospital are properly isolated to not be placed at risk of COVID-19 in hospital. Courts also ordered the prison department to distribute PPE supplies to all prisoners (authorities say they do that, but all prisoners do get is a roll of toilet paper each, no soap, no sanitiser, no masks), as well as COVID-19 tests for all prisoners and immediate isolation of any COVID-19 positive persons. There was a prison population of 22,007 in over 25 prisons in Honduras, with prisons operating at approximately 200% over capacity, some worse than others. What’s more, rather than a reducing prison population, the police state had arrested many people retaining a portion of them in the prisons, adding to the already severely overcrowded prison population amidst the pandemic. Only a total of 500 prisoners have been given bail to, only after having been exposed, but also selectively, not having been where the prison outbreaks were, upper class prisoners of corruption/white collar crimes have also been preventatively released.

The only method of preventing COVID-19 outbreak in prisons had been a punishing one, – denying prisoners from receiving visits since mid March.

There are twelve political prisoners. Some have risk factors. The prisons are appalling but COVID-19 makes the prisoners’ vulnerability skyrocket. There is limited medical attention available to prisoners which is rarely accessible in moments of need, with only one doctor for every 1000 prisoners – and political prisoners have even less access because prison authorities use withholding medical attention as part of the torture against them. All but one Guapinol environmental defenders have health problems (eight in Olanchito are held together with two others in a small 12 square metres prison cell with bunk beds); 42 years old José has hypertension, 30 years old Kelvin also has hypertension and had developed a urinary tract infection, 48 years old Porfirio has eye problems and had developed allergies while in prison, 28 years old Ewer has migraines, and 20 years old Arnold has allergies that got much worse in the last months, 28 years old Orbin has asthma, only José Cedillo seemed to not have health complaints. 63 years old Jeremías is held apart from other Guapinol political prisoners, in La Ceiba prison. Jeremías suffers from advanced gastric ulcer and needs special food, which he doesn’t get access to since the pandemic, as his family ususally sends him food but prison authorities have begun to not accept this. Jeremías has reflux and cannot sleep lying down, and had also developed a prostate infection while in prison. There are also political prisoners in other prisons, Rommel is held at Mario Mendoz psychiatric hospital, Carlos Tinoco is in juvenile detention in Francisco Morazán, and Victor Castillo and Antonio Felipe Esquivel in Choluteca prison. Choluteca prison is extremely overcrowded, with 1500 men and women contained in a prison with capacity for 600 prisoners, not to mention it gets as hot as 42 degrees celsius inside in summer, and inadequate access to food, water and medical attention, and the prison being in danger of fires because of poor condition of electrical circuits.

In Antonio Esquivel’s case, he was captured in December 2019 when the police raided their home in search of his partner Aleyda, leader of Bastión del Sur organisation. Aleyda had not been able to see him since before his capture, as she had been in hiding prior to COVID-19, and was herself captured (and given bail) as soon as she came out of hiding to survive the pandemic. Visits were cut off then but Aleyda had been dropping off food parcels for Antonio because of his dietary limitations. She had found the receipt of food packages to be increasingly limited and arbitrary in the name of COVID-19 safeguards. On 13 May 2020 Aleyda came back home with the food she had brought to the prison to drop off for Antonio, only to be told that she can only bring canned foods, and that arbitrarily some items like flour, milk, oats and fried chicken weren’t allowed, while beans, rice and pastas were accepted. Canned foods are prohibitively expensive in Central America being an imported food available only at supermarkets for the middleclass. Aleyda returned with another food package on 18 May 2020 with 25 green bananas and a packet of cheese. The officer made a sly comment about if they were trying to make a green bananas business in the prison, allowed them through, but not the packet of cheese. Antonio suffers from reflux, headache and a lot of desperation.

And meanwhile, firefighters attended to a fire on 24 May 2020 at the women’s prison in Tamara.

Other countries in the region for which there are campaigns for the states to release political prisoners are Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Estados Unidos, Guatemala, México, Paraguay and Perú.

Political persecution, police and military brutality, and some other invisible consequences under COVID-19

Murder of a thermoelectricity security guard

On 1 May 2020, young security guard Edwin Noel Sacaza Flores of the Garífuna (black) Sambo Creek community was murdered inside the U.S. owned La Ensenada thermoelectricity plant of Laeisz group of Benjamin Hirsch (who lives in Florida US). Edwin was an employed security guard of La Ensenada. He was killed inside a container, by strangling or suffocation. He was without weapons that he carries for work. The Garífuna Sambo Creek community went to protest his murder outside the La Ensenada plant where over 40 police also militarised, in defense of the plant. That night they continued to protest outside the morgue in La Ceiba. Garífuna people are outraged knowing that there will never be investigation nor justice, they will never know the context of Edwin’s murder. The community had fought against the plant’s installation itself, which was imposed without consultation with the community; they were only told it was going to be built in June 2018 and that the building would finish end of that year, and it were to be built between the Nombre de Dios Mountain Ranges National Park and Cayos Cochinos of the Bay Islands. It was also built without an environmental licence, using the highly contaminating Bunker C. It had just begun operation on 5 April 2020. During May 2019, three generators were burnt in another station, San Isidro, of the Laeisz Group – the cause of which had been inconclusive. What is known of La Ensenanda plant is that it had already begun polluting; the bunker had escaped to a nearby creek that goes out to the sea, killing fishes and other sealife, harming beaches and tourism in the region, plus Bunker C is highly toxic and emits particles and can destroy the Sambo Creek and Corozal community. The plant emits a toxic smoke that hits Corozal community worst. The plant is also built on unstable ground that can collapse. It is a disaster in all the senses, even capitalistically, it makes little sense, being one of the most expensively priced fuels in Latin America. The Garífuna people demand that there be investigation, and the plant be closed. They also protested against the plant back in May 2018, marching 34 kms from Jutiapa to La Ceiba, only the press never resounded what they did.


Police brutality under COVID-19 curfew

On 3 May 2020, in Arenales, Trojes, El Paraíso, police bashed up villagers of the community who were simply heading home. There are photos of one of the villagers’ back, showing marks of beatings.

On 4 May 2020, in Pavana, just 21kms outside of Choluteca City, police arrested José Dolores Rodríguez for breaking the curfew, so the people who were worried about him, including his brother Jamie Enrique Alvarez, followed the police patrol. However, at the Santa Elena COVID-19 checkpoint, The police patrol stopped, came out, and without saying anything proceeded to bash and arrest the brother Jaime together with José. The community checkpoint only permitted José and Jaime’s mum Elena Alvarez to continue following José and Jaime – others following were stopped. Elena was told that her sons would be held for 24 hours. Jaime needed medical attention and there was a medical examination offered by police but they knew that such exam inside the police structure would not help him and waited until after his release (expected 2pm the next day) for medical attention.

On 8 May 2020, in the La Era neighbourhood in Tegucigalpa, the community was questioning whose graves the state was digging and how a certain renal patient who was to be buried there had died, as they saw the digging of multiple graves at their local cemetery. Did the renal patient have COVID-19? Are all these graves for COVID-19 deaths? Are there a lot more people dying from COVID-19 than the state is admitting, covering up lives lost like missing cookies from a cookie jar? The answer to these questions given by the military and police were tear gas bombs that they launched at the community.

On 14 May 2020, in Pespire, Choluteca, mototaxi drivers protested the lack of work, as they had been without income to sustain their families for two months already – they have mortgages, they need to buy food, pay loans and electricity bills, and they asked, ‘why are the shops open but transport services are unauthorised?’. The military and traffic police attacked them arresting three drivers, damaged their small vehicles, and beat up two of the drivers protesting and launched teargas bombs. Videos of the repression against the drivers, women and children present had been shared on social media. ‘Councillors have been receiving advanced payments, what about us? Who will pay the damages caused by police and military?’ All they want is to work, and to be given equipment to work safely in the pandemic, to transport people with everyone wearing masks. They began the protest at the central park, and when the mayor did not come out to negotiate, they blockaded the Panamericana highway, stopping cars that are authorised to circulate (eg trucks, medical vehicles). The laws are meant to protect people from contagion risks, but repression and confrontation from the military exposes people to contagion risks.

Also on 14 May 2020, Francisco Celedonio Ramírez, a survivor of the 2020 El Tumbador massacre of landowners against peasants, was out doing agricultural work, when police used the pretext that he was breaking the curfew to arrest him and took him to the Trujillo courts, accusing him of what they always accuse peasants, of usurpation. Celedonio personally was wounded in the massacre ten years ago and had facial wound that healed over almost ten years and scars that will remain forever. He is one of many peasants who joined landless peasant movements to recuperate lands knowing that their bodies become body shields for the land they try to recover. In addition, the Guadalupe Carney community where he had struggled and lived, in particular, was in the 80s the CREM- regional military training centre and was a scene of horrific human rights violations in the Bajo Aguan region in those times, so recuperating this land, which began in the year 2000, was a struggle to reivindicate hundreds of victims of soldiers and landowners in those times. This day when he was arrested happened also to be the 20th anniversary of the Guadalupe Carney community – usually there would be a massive public celebration, but because of the pandemic curfew, the community limited the celebration to a sharing chain, where needed items are passed onto those who need them. In contrast, the police and military never respected efforts to prevent contagion, having never stopped patrolling the area. There are concerns that the state is renewing persecution against him using police and courts, reviving previously resolved charges. His hearing was set for 16 May 2020.

As well, on 14 May 2020, in Danlí, El Paraíso markets, police appeared and began checking documents and arresting people, when Officer Ledesma targetted young mobile phone accessories street vender Noel Alexander Velásquez López who was on his way to getting more chargers from a friend’s place two blocks away to sell. The police swung at Noel with the baton and grabbed him by the neck and arrested him. People around including Noel’s brother Franklin who sell the mobile phone accessories with him tried angrily to intervene and confront the police. Noel and Franklin’s family live on what they earn each day in the informal economy. They contacted a lawyer they knew who pressured and obtained Noel’s release that afternoon. Police claimed that Noel’d disrespected authority and that it was not his circulation day according to his ID number, as justification for the arrest.

On 16 May 2020, in Zacate Grande, Faustino Mejía was, like other days, collecting dry wood on a field of peasant recuperated land that the palm magnate Facussé family claims belongs to them and had fenced off, – the Facussés called the police and officers Euceda and Rodríguez arrived and arrested Faustino. Faustino was then locked up at the Puerto Grande police station. Villagers including teenagers mobilised and went to put pressure on outside the police station and obtained his subsequent release.

On 16 May 2020, at night time, in Guarizama, Olancho, in the context of a small community church gathering young Miguel Padilla just returned to the gathering having gone to walk his spouse there in the dark, only to see his brother-in-law had been arrested by military police for no reason. For daring to question the military police why they had arrested his brother-in-law, they turned to him, said, ‘what’s with you?’and began to bash Miguel, twist his arms, and further bashed him at the police station parking lot in front of the police, beating him in the spine and caused his ribs to fracture while his brother-in-law was being placed in a cell. Miguel learnt later that his brother-in-law was under arrest because he dared approached the military police and ask them to tone down the flashlights of their vehicles as the bright light was impacting on their activity. Miguel was on bedrest for at least 8 days, he was in such a state he could not even go to the toilet by himself and required his spouse’s help. ‘I’m here recovering bit by bit, I don’t feel very well, I don’t have the medicines that I need, because I can’t even work. What’s more I am parent to two twins – I had 3 children but one died 5 months ago. My twin daughters are 6 years old…the doctors told me that I cannot work in this state’, the family depends on the income from his work with machete from which he earned only U$6 a day. With his injury, his family is left with no income, and were also forced to stay elsewhere, in fear of further attacks by the military police and police.

On 20 May 2020, Heydi Amaya needed to go out to do errands. In Honduras, people are told which day of the week they are allowed out depends on what number their ID numbers land in and it was her ‘circulation day’. In order to be safer from contagion, Heydi asked her brother, Roberto, to drive her, but for him to stay inside the car at all times. Their first police and military checkpoint encounter was okay, she explained the situation and they let them through. They quickly went and did the errand, and were on the way home, but when they passed through outside the police station, two police agents stopped them, and Heydi proceeded to explain, but they refused to listen. Police said to them, ‘Get out of the car’ and grabbed Roberto by the chest to throw him into the police station, while the car was still turned on. ‘Whats going on?’ Heydi protested, ‘Let him go!’ ‘Get out of the way,’ they ordered and hit her in the face. Roberto then said, ‘don’t touch her, she’s a woman’, and 8 other police started to attack and kick him. Heydi then yelled and the police started to attack her neck, ‘don’t bash me, this is a crime, I will call the human rights organisations,’ ‘You are under arrest’. The siblings were taken and locked up without any hygiene measures to safeguard them from COVID-19 contagion, to the contrary, they ripped the mask off Heydi’s face. Heydi managed to let her family know and they placed pressure immediately and the siblings were released 3 hours later, although only on the condition that they signed a declaration saying they were charged with throwing rocks and breaking a window. They signed because they needed to leave quickly to get medical attention. During the ordeal, Heydi heard a police tell another, ‘take a photo of them and give me the photos..’this worried Heydi and Roberto, since they are being threatened with retaliation for resisting and possibly also for their community and political work.

On 24 May 2020, in Nueva Esperanza, Las Flores, Lempira, people witnessed military police shoot and kill Ovidio Gutiérrez, and how they left him there on the footpath and fled. Ovidio was someone known by the community to have mental issues, and also, as a humble person, who never messed with anybody.

Ovidio Gutierrez May 2020

Attacks – including one murder – against community members who are obligated or self-organised to control traffic into their communities to minimise COVID-19 risks in their communities

In Plan de Flores, La Paz, the community COVID-19 checkpoint refused police entry into their community – in retaliation, the police tried to arrest them but the community managed to disarm and hold the police and called other police to come take them back to the police station. When other police did arrive for them, in the form of 8 patrols, the police joked when handed the bag with the police’s gun and bullets inside, calling it a ‘solidarity bag’, but it wasn’t funny, in fact, bullets to the bodies, and not food, is precisely what the Honduran government gives to the population. The police also started putting out made up videos and stories about what this checkpoint did to the police (photoshopped so they are tied to the posts) to try to justify past and future repression. The police came in a plain car from Gracias, Lempira, gave false names, and gave death threats to those on duty at the checkpoint. In this checkpoint, people are obligated by the National Party to participate in a ‘volunteer’ roster to make sure nobody enters. The ‘volunteers’ are not paid, are not given PPEs, and are threatened with fines for not participating.

On Saturday 9 May 2020 three police patrols arrived at the Jutiapa community COVID-19 checkpoint, and the community members carried out their established routine and asked everyone to get out of their vehicles and proceeded to fumigate the tyres and windows. One police in particular, officer Gómez, got offended and punched the community member – 18 years old Cesar Arnulfo, in the chest. When Cesar tried to run, the police handcuffed Cesar, and continuously beat him. People around yelled at the police to let him go and to stop hurting him and yelled to others for help. The police threatened to arrest everyone there and pushed Cesar into the police patrol vehicle to take him to the Danlí police station. People from El Obraje community took direct action in solidarity and followed the patrol vehicle and managed to block the road ahead of the police car, in an effort to force the police to abort the arrest. Another police ordered this police over telephone to release Cesar – which officer Gómez and other officers he was with complied, but not without first telling him that the police will kill him if he talked about what happened. The scarier part for Cesar is that one of the agents who threatened him is from his community. With officer Gomez, this was the first time Cesar had seen him, but he will never forget his face. His ribs were fractured from the beating and his head felt wrong, and an arm was dislocated – his mum (who is also part of the community COVID-19 watch effort) recounted after.

On 12 May 2020, at the Las Pilas COVID-19 (self-organised) checkpoint of the Puerto Grande committee in Zacate Grande, landowner Pedro Lazo, who works for for the infamous murderous palm magnate Facussé family, arrived at the COVID-19 gate there on his motorcycle with a woman on the passenger seat, and ordered organised peasant, human rights defender, and community radio activist Elía Hernández to open the gate. When she insisted that this was not the process to seek passage through the gate, he angrily asserted that he will go through the gate as many times as he pleases, ‘because I work for the Facusses’, and told Elía that ‘since you started with the organised peasants, you act like you own this place, and now you are with the COVID-19 screening committee you act like you own Zacate Grande,’ and at that point he said that he was going to kill her and chop her in pieces and bury her some place she won’t know. That wasn’t the first death threat she received and she continued to be subject to intimidations; on 20 May 2020 Elia was on a lote of land bought by her sister but that was under Elía’s care, when a relative of Pedro’s, who lives opposite that lote, told her she had to ask permission ‘before stepping her big foot’, and when she argued, Pedro’s grandad further told her he will not give her permission to cut a rotten log that is in between the two properties. On 21 May 2020, since her and others are under police protection order as recognised persecuted persons, she went to the police to complain about these new threats and harassment and almost immediately, someone in her community told her that the Lazo family already found out she had gone to the police about this. The police also did not want to receive her complaint. She is worried about her and her family’s safety. Elía, aged 34, belongs to a struggle for land, territory, and the local beaches to be free of landowners.

On 20 May 2020, at night, 3 unknown hooded men entered the home of Edwin Fernández, member of Ofraneh, (black garífuna fraternity organisation) and head of the committee in the Río Tinto committee to close the community and prevent the entry of COVID-19 and protect the garífuna community this way. They demanded for Edwin to hand over the key of the security gate of the Rio Tinto community in front of his family, and when he refused, they shot him dead in front of his children. The Río Tinto community only began to have a road connecting the community to the outside world since a relatively short time ago, having been completely closed off by African palm plantations before that. It is imagined that the attackers are connected with organised crime in the region. This is in the context of many killings against Garífuna people, and the Garífuna communities, with 47 recent killings. The Garífuna communities had self organised an emergency plan to watch all their entrances and exits, as well as community information, the making and distribution of masks, community food kitchens and pantries, and continual work to strengthen the immune system of community members through education and access to food and medicines. As well, they organised systems to attend medically and spiritually to people who may have caught COVID-19. They had also organised a network to accompany women and children who suffer DV and sexual violence during this time of social isolation. The Garífuna people in the midst of the attacks and pandemic have taken and continue to take transformative and autonomous actions to care for and defend life.


On 24 May 2020, in Valle de Angeles, Opatoro, La Paz, police patrol PN-551 arrived at the community checkpoint from San Pedro Sula. When the villagers told them they could not go through since they carried no hygiene equipment and did not observe social distancing protocols. The police got angry and proceeded to ram their vehicle towards the villagers so villagers had to take action to retain the police.

Some of the disappearances during COVID-19

Back on 7 April 2020, a 33 years old mother, Karen Rivera Saldívar, was trying to get to San Luís in Santa Barbara when she couldn’t find the transport that could take her and was stranded, because of the pandemic. Karen also couldn’t find transport to return home. While stuck, she became disappeared, with unknown whereabouts, until 19 April 2020, having been disappeared for 12 days, when her dead body was found. A further 17 days after her body was found it was taken to the San Pedro Sula morgue – her brother and dad had identified her body but the body was not taken to where her family is for burial: in the middle of COVID-19 the authorities told the family they would send the body to the family if Karen’s elderly and sick mother travelled to San Pedro Sula city (a major COVID-19 hotspot and without public transport, knowing too that this family is poor and have been without income since the pandemic began) for a DNA test. Even if she could somehow afford a long taxi ride to do that, they would still have had to wait 3 months for the DNA test results. ‘It’s really sad to not be able to say goodbye to her, without the means of bringing her here’, Karen’s mother said, ‘I am a mother of five children, one of my children had already been killed before Karen, two years ago, now they kill her, leaving me only 3 children.’ Karen’s 11 years old daughter stays with Karen’s mother, and her 12 years old son will be with his father. It’s a painful time made a lot more painful.

On 8 May 2020, at the El Espino border, two Cuban women, Mariluz Muñoz Valdez and Yanaisa Gonzales were detained by border police and kept under inhumane circumstances with benches to sleep on and no food given and no measures to prevent exposure to COVID-19 while under custody. They had subsequently disappeared, last seen under custody having been taken to an unknown direction.

On 15 May 2020 Cofadeh human rights organisation placed a habeas corpus demanding the Honduran state to put Denis Eduardo Maradiaga Molina to a court hearing and to release him if there are no grounds for his detention. 28 years old Denis, turning 29 the following week, was arrested on the night of 20 April 2020, when he was going out with friends that night and him and his friend Luís were captured during the curfew. Since then his mum and the rest of his family have searched desperately for him, not knowing where he is detained, if he is alive, if there are charges. Cofadeh sought for an executive judge to go to each prison and hospital and check if he is there. To date, over 11,000 people in Honduras had been arrested for being out during the curfew, with an average of 300 a day.

The corruption pandemic in Honduras

With the pandemic contracts made without tendering, some information surfaced about how money was laundered by the Honduran state in the name of addressing COVID-19. It included buying overpriced N95 masks with over 57 million lempiras, at prices considerably higher than market price, as confirmed by research by the Health Department. The regime also brought in Breas Vivo 65 ventillators on a presidential plane on 17 March 2020 in a publicity stunt – but since then, cardio-pulmonary and biomedical experts have confirmed that the equipment is no good for use with COVID-19 patients, and that the equipment is incomplete anyway, with cables and sensors for monitoring patients missing. They sat unused in the Torax hospital warehouse. The regime had also contracted on 10 February to have a building company establish a triage space and renovate two observation wards and renovate the space to prevent contagion, at the Torax hospital. However this job was not completed and what was done was done poorly, so 5 million lempiras were used and the hospital, is not as it should and needs to be, purpose built to prevent contagion of COVID-19. Between the mentioned contracts, over 20 million lempiras are mispent and many lives lost and placed at risk at present and into the future. To 17 April 2020, the total official COVID-19 budget in Honduras is US$3,448 millions, around 80% of which in the form of future external debt.

Long protested Criminal Code on virtual vacation, soon the be current

Pushed through under the table and in dictatorship conditions, the criminal code which criminalises protests, makes ‘public disorder’, ‘disobedience to authority’, ‘meetings and illicit protests’ and ‘terrorism’ crimes and decriminalises sexual violence, corruption and organised crimes, had been protested against for the past two years. It was to officially become current on 10 May 2020, but was going through at least 45 days of ‘virtual vacation’ before becoming current, having already had two extensions of 6 months, with pressure to stop the law on one hand from protests including even from the UN, and for it to come into law on the other hand, with the political class’s commitment with organised crime.

And not to forget too, the JOH regime is a drug trafficking-state

Another thing that keeps getting put off is the sentencing hearing of the New York court of Tony Hernández, JOH’s brother, found guilty of drug trafficking and carrying weapons and lying to court. It was postponed for the fourth time, now to 29 June 2020. It is known that the brothers had received a million dollars from the Sinoloa Cartel for JOH’s presidential campaign and court paperwork showed JOH had collaborated in the trafficking scandal, of tonnes of cocaine. In part of a slow sweep DEA is planning against a number of actors in this drug trafficking case, the Manhattan Federal Court had on 30 April 2020 accused the ex police head of Honduras, Juan Carlos El Tigre Bonilla, of drug trafficking, weapons possession, using official position to protect drug trafficking charges, and also known was his involvement in the murder of a rival trafficker. Prosecution have said that it will be investigating and pressing charges against many others, including JOH, although, DEA head Mike Vigil believes that prosecution, while collecting more evidence, will wait until JOH’s presidential term finishes, around November 2021, to press the charges.

April 2020 Honduras Coup and Pandemic Update

April 2020 Honduras Coup and Pandemic Update 

This month – the 4th-8th weeks of COVID-19 in Honduras – saw the Honduran state blatantly continue to prioritise money laundering of resources said to be for addressing COVID-19, and continuing to shoot people with guns and teargas bombs. These were aimed at people self-organising to close off their communities from danger, and people protesting because they are left to starve.

The month opened with the congress passing an actual policy on April Fools’ Day to dedicate the military hospital and four doctors to attend specifically to the dictator JOH and his family in case they catch COVID-19, knowing that if they receive the medical care made available to other Hondurans, they may as well be dead. The file of this policy is decree HMC-DHM-2020, file 449.

Update:1 April 2020:

219 cases, 14 dead, 3 recovered.

1115 illegal detentions, 2 suspicious deaths, 20 tortured,

45 aggressions against human rights defenders,

7 journalists beaten and arrested, their equipment confiscated, photos/videos deleted

16 protests dispersed violently, 60 evicted by discrimination, 2 illegal home raids

over 900 cars confiscated —– all between 16 and 31 March 2020.

Hospitals continue with severely inadequate equipment, staffing numbers, and PPE.

7 community human rights defenders and 2 journalists arrested and locked up overnight

At 4.30pm on 1 April 2020, in Santa Bárbara, there was a road block of soldiers and community volunteers that had been going for a week to stop all cars travelling from Cortés from entering Santa Bárbara due to about 75% of Honduras’ COVID-19 positive cases being in Cortés. An especially horrific case from Cortés is that of a 13-year-old girl who would have caught COVID-19 while in hospital, giving birth, as a rape survivor. It was in this context, at the road block, that a number of community leaders were advocating for some small vendors from within Santa Bárbara (Colinas) to be given passage to be able to sell their goods in the city centre. Given that they don’t come from Cortés and they need to feed their families, and the place they come from is under a higher level lock-down, the leaders said ‘let them in to come sell their things.’ And as they were there, advocating and negotiating, police from inside their patrol vehicle suddenly began launching teargas bombs at them and chasing them. The police, lead by Officer Alvarez, ended up capturing 7 community leaders including a 17-year-old kid, and 2 journalists who were there filming the repression – Edward Fernández of Más Canal TV, aged 26, and Roger David Iraeta, of Canal 6 Internacional, whose son saw the police bash him in the arm and handcuff him. In addition the journalists had their cameras and phones confiscated and their recordings of the violent eviction deleted. The arrestees were locked up at the police station from 7pm. In the last hour of that day, the outraged community self-organised about a hundred people to break the curfew together and marched to the police station in solidarity with those arrested demanding they be set free. The police also responded by shooting teargas canisters at these people. It was about that time that the police said they would release the arrestees, when paperwork was completed. The first to be released was the seventeen-year-old, but not until a parent came to fetch him. The rest of them weren’t released until six in the morning. They were held overnight for 14 hours, and police took no care to prevent COVID-19 contagion at any stage of the arrests. When the prosecutor examined the cases, they actually agreed that it’s the police who should be charged, especially appalled by their arrests of the 2 journalists. Why were they appalled by the arrests of the journalists and not of the human rights defenders? Because the law is crazy and permits journalism work to be carried out in the streets during lockdowns, but not human rights work, and prosecutors, at best, interpret the laws only.


Sugar cane company guards opened fire on campesina (peasant) families, killing one and wounding six others

Iris Argentina

On 2 April 2020, at 4am, before the above arrestees were released in Santa Bárbara, another horrific scene was unfolding in Monjarás, Choluteca (southern region of Honduras). At Los Chachos, 60 families have been in a land recuperation process there making homes and growing food to feed their families, in conflict with a monocrop sugar cane company, ‘La Grecia’, on land that should be state agrarian land as it was unused prior to the families setting foot there, but had been occupied by La Grecia’s guards. In that early hour of the day, ‘La Grecia’ private guards arrived firing gunshots and proceeded to destroy everything they could see, even the milk that children were carrying. From their gunshot attack, seven campesino people were wounded, amongst these, a campesino leader couple Iris Argentina aged 50 and her spouse Jacinto Avila. Iris Argentina did not survive the gunshot, she died in hospital at about 2pm, while her spouse Jacinto did survive, but lost his companion forever. Their journey to the hospital also was not an easy one – human rights defenders came to take them in a vehicle to seek medical attention, and as they were driving away there were gunshots aimed at them, fired by La Grecia guards of Crae’s Seguridad security company. Police were in the area at the time but did nothing to intervene, and when campesino leader Leopoldo went afterwards to the police station to place charges against La Grecia and Crae’s Seguridad, police turned him away saying they had orders to not attend to the public.

Update: 4 April 2020

IMF signed a US$140 million loan to the Honduran regime for COVID-19 – in addition to blank cheques already signed to the detriment of Hondurans, who will pay it back with interest and receive only imaginary things in return, up to a budget now of US$3,254 million.

Mass arrest against pharmacy workers

On 5 April 2020, accused of breaking the curfew this Saturday, police arrested many workers of pharmacy Siman who turned up to serve people who need medicines, to earn wages, and to obey their employer. 

Update: 6-13 April 2020

The JOH regime also continued to use sports stadiums as places of quarantine, a group of returned Hondurans are placed in an ambulance and transported to the Jose Simon Azcona Sports Stadium on 6 April 2020 until their quarantine period is over. 

An international campaign was happening at the same time calling on the release of 11 political prisoners including those of Guapinol – Human rights defenders visited the cell of Guapinol’s anti-mining political prisoners and saw they are cramped into a very small and excessively hot space without adequate ventilation. Honduran prisons were always terrible, but in this pandemic they are at high risk of contracting COVID-19. The Honduran supreme court seemed to have denied the bail the lawyers applied for because their lives were at risk, although it hasn’t been explicit about that particular file. At the same time, it is known that the courts are considering the release of the assassins who murdered Berta Cáceres – Sergio Rodríguez Orellana, Douglas Bustillo, who had been found guilty and sentenced to 30 years of imprisonment, and David Castillo, who has been locked up for 4 months while the hearing continues (in his case his lawyers are the ones using delay tactics to manipulate evidence and public opinion). This is not to mention that there are others from the Atala family who had ordered her murder who are still yet to be charged. 

8 April 2020: 312 cases, 22 deaths, 6 recovered 

11 April 2020: A commander of the 101 infantry brigade of Choluteca, Rosevelt Hernández, was fired for having refused to implement the regime’s policy of delivering emergency food packages only to National Party supporters. He was the exception, though, and this policy continues. 

12 April 2020: The JOH regime requires teachers to return to classes without the appropriate sanitary conditions nor the necessary PPE or hygiene facilities available. Teachers’ unions call on the Education Secretary to quit harassing teachers to go back to school, or to provide schooling electronically – the regime has not ensured the school children’s families have food, let alone laptop computers. 

13 April 2020: 12 doctors and 17 nurses in Honduras are not in quarantine after having been infected with COVID-19, of these: 3 are in ICU, 2 others are hospitalised. Since Dr Denise Roxana Murillo’s death at the end of March, 2 nurses have also died of COVID-19. There are protests by healthcare workers who demand PPE and ventillators, and tests for doctors and nurses who have worked in COVID-19 hospital rooms. Nationally, testing has been running on a limit of 96 tests per day. Although CABEI donated about 26,000 COVID-19 tests, they could not be used because they did not come with required reagents, so they may as well be imaginary. 

Community protesting the conversion of a school into a COVID-19 isolation centre attacked with gunshots by soldiers

On 18 April 2020, a Saturday night in the San Isidro neighbourhoood, La Unión, Lempira, the community was, in protest, occupying a school that the mayor Giovanny Reyes insisted on turning into a COVID-19 isolation centre. Mayor Reyes responded by sending the police in; soldiers attacked the people with gas and then entered the school firing live gunshots.

Update: 18-24 April 2020

18 April 2020: Honduran congress accepted Cuba’s offer to send a medical brigade to Honduras as it had to China, Italy, Spain and Venezuela, to support local healthcare workers and doctors to help flatten the curve. Along with Cuban doctors, the plane that arrived brought Honduran doctors and medical students too, who were also ready to work.

20 April 2020: 457 confirmed cases, 46 dead

24 April 2020: 591 confirmed cases, 55 dead

In a theatrical act by the Honduran regime, 3 high executives of the contingency department COPECO were fired for fraudulant implementation of millions of dollars of funding, purchasing overpriced equipment and medical materials that aren’t even useful in confronting COVID-19. One example is a load of thin paper disposable masks bought at US$5 each. A show to pretend the money was intended otherwise. Meanwhile, in real time, more people get infected, without real hospitals to go to or real tests to check if they have COVID-19, or real medicine. The regime is simply doing what it has always done, laundering through the health sector, like the IHSS money laundering case to fund the electoral campaign, back in 2011, with subsequent electoral fraud in 2017. One of the current lies was that the regime was ‘buying a hospital from Turkey’. The Turkish government clarified that there is no such transaction, but that if only the Honduran government had asked for one they would have been so happy to donate one.’ Since such a transaction does not assist in money laundering processes, it was never actually considered.

Soldiers delivering food fired teargas bombs and gunshots at protesters for asking for equitable food distribution

On 23 April 2020, in Las Metalias, Tela, Atlántida, a group of soldiers were distributing tiny food provisions named ‘bags of solidarity’, when a group of outraged and starving villagers protested occupying the CA-13 highway, asking why they weren’t given any. The soldiers didn’t speak of the orders they were given to only give provisions to National Party supporters. They simply pulled out their weapons and fired teargas bombs and even gunshots at the protesting villagers, wounding two people with their bullets; one in the head and one in the arm. The soldiers also arrested five villagers.

Military shot at brothers who self-organised a roadblock to keep their community safe, one was killed

On 24 April 2020 in the afternoon, in El Paríso community, Omoa City, Cortés, like in many other communities, there was a community self-organised checkpoint to screen movements into the community. It’s important to note that this is in the context of being in the province with the highest infection rate. Three brothers were at the checkpoint working to limit infection risks in their community when military police came and fired gunshots at the brothers, two of whom, Marvin Rolando Alvarado Santiago, and Héctor Arturo Alvarado Santiago, were admitted to hospital with gunshot wounds – Marvin Alvarado, aged 33, died in hospital. The other brother, Ronal Alvarado, was also bashed by the military police. The police charged and locked up Héctor and Ronal, who survived the military police attack, for trying to defend themselves against the police attack, and their grieving family who went to lodge a complaint that day about the police murder of their son were turned away and told to come back another day. 33-year-old Marvin was described by his family as a dad of two children, the fourth of 5 siblings himself, a good son, a friend who always acted in solidarity, and a hardworking man. Marvin was buried on 27 April 2020 at 4pm, in their community’s cemetery. His family and friends cried and held placards demanding justice as they walked with the car that carried Marvin in a coffin. Marvin’s sister said one of the soldiers who killed her brother is named Josúe Alvarado.

Police officer attacked self organised community roadblock leader for asking him to wear a mask

In Zacate Grande the community had preventatively self organised to control entry into the area using a volunteers’ roster, to try to make sure any visitors wore a mask to reduce chances of them bringing COVID-19 into the peninsula. On 24 April 2020 at about 4.30pm, a police officer wearing plain clothes and travelling on a motorcycle came, expecting entry. 30-year-old Derlin Roberto Corea Cabrera was one of the community members at the site, and asked the police to at least wear a mask, as a condition of entry. Instead of accepting the condition, Officer Lagos attacked Derlin, hitting Derlin in the head and kicking him in the back, and even pulled out a gun and fired 3 shots near him, and snatched his mobile phone before leaving. It was after 6pm when Derlin went with others to place a complaint against Officer Lagos at the police station. Derlin’s companions were not allowed in the police office to ensure nothing happened to Derlin. Officer Lagos himself was on duty so the placing of the complaint was not possible, so Derlin asked for his phone back, which he received, but the phone was no longer working. After that, Derlin’s family looked into taking him to a medical clinic or to hospital 30kms away, to assess his head injury

Police attack and arrest two friends monitoring the entrance to their community

Similarly, in Barrio El Zapote, El Mochito, Santa Bárbara, people from the community organised to watch the entrance of their community. On the morning of 24 April 2020 also, between 7.30am and 8.30am, a group of police arrived on the scene and began to approach the young Oscar Machado. Oscar’s response was to pick up his phone and start filming and transmitting live on facebook. The police’s reaction to that was beating him until he let go of his phone, starting with grabbing him and kicking him in the arm and elbow, then slapping him in the face repeatedly, and finally cornering him with the police patrol, and having police reinforcement spray him in the face with pepper spray – this did make Oscar drop the phone – he felt like he was going to suffocate and like he couldn’t breathe, and he could not open his eyes, and in that state, they kicked him in the back. His friend Eduardo Vásquez grabbed the phone quickly, and the police kicked Eduardo in the shoulder, and subsequently launched teargas bombs forcing others at the community watch point to disperse, before shuffling Oscar and Eduardo on to the police patrol, taking them into custody at the Las Vegas police station. The police also confiscated everything they were using at the community watch point – a chain, 3 spray bottles, ice cream cones, and a jar they had put there to collect money to help an elderly woman who was sick. Oscar had marks from the beatings on his back and arms and his chest hurt. The two friends were yelled at by Officer López at the station, who gave orders to go through their phones, and said things like, ‘serves you right for filming’. Officer Aviles threatened them, ‘I want to see you again on the street and you will soon see what will happen to you.’ They were in lock-up from 8am to 11am. On release those who support them took them to a health centre for first aid, medical supervision and pain medication. Oscar was referred to an orthopaedic specialist, to check for injury to his right wrist.

COVID-19 fears drive middle class attacks against the poor

The markets in Comayaguela were burnt down making an impossible situation even harder for stall-holders. JOH had from the beginning spoke badly of markets (economic spaces and food sources of the poor) as spaces of massive contagion, not saying the same of supermarkets (economic spaces and food of the rich in Honduras). His discourse sparked fascist/nazi elements to act out of fear and hate, and set fire to the markets. (Ignorant) middle class Hondurans can be overheard saying, ‘I hope all the sellers there catch the virus’, and calling market sellers ‘ignorant’. This was not the first time fascists had set the markets on fire.

Community radio member and environmentalist kidnapped

On 26 April 2020, in Las Américas, Esparta, up north, MADJ (regional environmental and social justice organisation) member Alex Cabrera was last heard from when he was with the radio team at 6.30pm, speaking up about the fire in Sorocón, and was subsequently kidnapped by men in plain clothes around midnight. Alex’s family were very outraged and worried. After midnight, a human rights defender achieved contact with him

Police attack a kid for not wearing a mask

On 26 April 2020 at the turn off to San Isidro, Copán, police and soldiers assigned to the Protección municipality of Santa Bárbara attacked a kid there, apparently because the kid didn’t wear a mask. The police officers who attacked him were driving police patrol #PN321, the youth is a community member of Protección.

Update: 26 April 2020

661 confirmed cases, 61 dead, 69 recovered 

Small business owner goes on hunger strike 

On 27 April 2020, Roberto Contreras of Power Chicken in San Pedro Sula went on hunger strike as not only had he needed to close doors, but the subsequent power bill was mysteriously increased despite not operating. He also received tax bills in this time. He expressed wanting to keep his staff but was left without this choice. The pain of it all drove him to begin this hunger strike. 

A re-cap.. 

Many communities and villages around Honduras have self-organised to watch the entrances to their community and decide who enters and under what conditions, based on their assessment of the risk and on what they have agreed on as a community. Some communities are stricter and are not letting police and state officials through, some let them in on the condition that they wear masks. In many cases these community efforts have been brutally attacked by the police with gunshots and arrests, as detailed earlier. There are stories of indigenous people making masks for their community, organising from the bottom up. There are also stories of people not allowed back home by their threatening neighbours after having spent time in the high risk areas, despite having organised to quarantine themselves in their own home. People are also left to fend for themselves, without food packages (which are miserably inadequate too) unless they give in to supporting the National Party, they are without wages or earnings, still having to pay for water, electricity, petrol and food, with basics and sanitary items sold at inflated prices from shops that are near empty because of the hoarding by the wealthy. The various indigenous peoples are hit worst of all, with terrible living conditions worsened, because of lack of access to resources – eg roofs that are held up by wood planks that get blown off by the wind, being risky for families – and conflicts with mining and other industries threatening their lives and contaminating the environment that their livelihoods depend on at the same time. Their access to food also depends on the rain coming, so they have to harvest crops during this time, and the state has no welfare contingency for them. They echo the cries of the urban poor, ‘we won’t die from coronavirus, but we will die from hunger’. While quarantine is enforced upon people, it is not enforced against mining companies that continue operating unchecked.

Earlier in April, a UNAH university group of experts projected that, left unchecked, the cases in Honduras would increase to 16,558 by 30 April, in contrast to the JOH regime predicting that the curve would be flattened by this date. UNAH predicted that cases would peak in mid June with 2,800,000 infected (approximately one third of the population), and that the curve would flatten mid September. The below is an update of confirmed cases on 17 April 2020. Actual cases would far exceed official counts of confirmed cases, given that less than 100 tests are available per day. According to these official statistics, more than one in ten confirmed cases in Honduras is ending in death. And of these first four/five weeks, of the 46 COVID-19 deaths, 2 are of the 20-29 age group, 8 are from the 30-39 age group, and 10 from the 40-49 age group. These statistics are likely to show both that cases are much more widespread than confirmed, and also reflect on the plundered state of the healthcare system.

april 17 honduras

More and more, people who are fed up with the terrible injustice and official lies, and not being fed otherwise, are slowly taking streets in different provinces of the country literally driven by hunger for food, and thirst for justice and for water, in demand of respect.

As curfew has been extended week by week, the last news in April was that curfew would be extended to 3 May 2020.

March 2020 Honduras Coup Update

March 2019 Honduras coup update


At the beginning of this month, people commemorated that 4 years had passed since Berta Caceres the indigenous feminist environmentalist and anticapitalist leader was murdered, and continued to question how those who had ordered the murder were getting away with this. A teacher and writer who lived a life critical of the dictatorship regimes was murdered. Meanwhile, another school is left with no teachers. The pandemic also arrived in Honduras this month, devastating a people already hungry, lacking healthcare access, and militarised, bringing about a much worse state of affairs.


Four years after they killed Berta Caceres


2 March 2020 marks the passing of four years since the assassination of indigeous defender and leader Berta Cáceres who fought to defend the Rio Blanco River from DESA hydroelectricity company, and had been a prominent social leader since her youth, against patriarchy, colonisation, and capitalism. People from different organisations (even the UN was there) travelled to La Esperanza to gather over a weekend in the Utopia Centre of Gathering and Friendship of Copinh’s, undertaking a range of activities beginning with the screening of the documentary ‘Desenredar el ser’ (Unchain the being), and ending with a march around town at night with fire torches. While 7 people have been sentenced as perpetrators of the murder, people continue to call for justice. They demand that those who organised the murder in affiliation with state forces – the owners of DESA company, who are members of the Atala Zablah family – be put behind bars. The family members in question are: Daniel Atala Midence, Jacobo Atala Zablah, José Eduardo Atala Zablah and Pedro Atala Zablah.


Anti coup anti dictatorship teacher and writer murdered in his car

On 6 March 2020, in the city of Santa Barbara, beloved teacher, writer, and an antagonist against the JOH and previous dictatorships, Victor Manuel Rodríguez Paz, was driving his car. Victor was going to take one of his four children to school, when unidentified attackers in another vehicle stopped him and fired at least 24 gunshots at his car. 18 of these gunshots shot through the front side of the car, and six at and past the driver’s door, squarely aiming at Victor’s body. Victor died in his car. The attackers fired all these gunshots, and fled. Police came and cordoned off the murder scene. Hours later, forensic medicine came and transported his body to the prosecutors’ morgue. Victor was a teacher at La Independencia public school where he had taught for the past 15 years, and before that he taught at Dolores college. His fellow teachers and admin staff and students are all in shock and miss him dearly. Victor was very dedicated, committed and responsible with his work. He had written four books, and the city’s students read them in class. Victor was always at the marches against the coup and the dictatorship and was affiliated with the teachers’ unions Copemh and Colprosumah. Of his four children, the youngest is a one month old baby who won’t know their dad except through others and through his books. Victor’s brother was murdered two years ago, and his father murdered ten years ago.


Education sector local struggle in Arenales


School was also still on, on 10 March 2020, but not in Arenales community, where the Lenca Lenca indigenous people decided not to send their children to school, after barricading the highway the day before demanding that the Education Secretary Bueso address the problem of the school not having teachers.


COVID-19, militarisation, and famine unfolds in Honduras


The COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on peoples already in turmoil is beyond massive. Such as in the case of Honduras, which has been living under dictatorships since 2009, where the people are in struggle and bloodily persecuted. Where 64% of the population live in poverty and most people live under the informal economy, and what their families eat each day depends on what they have earnt that day, making stockpiling impossible. A good proportion of Hondurans also rely on remittances from family members in the US, and the US is hit severely by the pandemic, likely cutting off such remittances as survival for these family members become more difficult. It’s impossible also to practise isolation and frequent handwashing within the homes because people live in overcrowded conditions; most people share rooms, and a lot of people, like those in the capital city, often have no water coming out of their taps, with irregular water service because of dried rivers and dams from extractive projects. The hospitals are as bare as they come in terms of staffing, medicines, equipment, and PPE because the dictatorships have stripped these bare, rediverting health funds towards electoral campaigns and otherwise into pockets of those already rich.


While real numbers are unknown – the first confirmed cases in Honduras appeared on 11 March 2020, with two cases. One of whom was a 4 year old child who had returned from Texas, in the US. By 16 March 2020, with confirmed cases going up to three from two, and the addition of three suspected cases, a curfew and lockdown was announced to start at 10pm that night. The regime announced the measures that were to last for one week, and a ‘package’, that was approved behind closed doors back on 13 March 2020, of US$500 million (from congress, CABEI, executive, EU, etc), claiming that the regime will build 94 hospitals in 6 months, provide equipment – including obtaining 100 ventillators – and staff these hospitals. But there are no mentions of fixing up existing hospitals, and it was announced that there would be no tendering process – so it had in effect signed itself a blank cheque, to pass funds to JOH’s allies, and further privatise the health sector, while not channeling the money to address the pandemic and the needs of the population during this pandemic, protecting only those who are well off.


With the curfew and lockdown, in the cities with the confirmed cases (this list increases over time), people were told to stay home, and the streets were filled with police and soldiers to impose this. Within 24 hours, the regime took advantage of the pandemic curfew in Choluteca and on this first morning of lockdown and curfew, had 10 unmasked police (in the context of the pandemic) surround the home of political activist Aleyda Huete and arrest her without a capture order. The police had for months been persecuting Aleyda, aged 50, who is a leader of Bastión del Sur, a social organisation in the region that organises against the dictatorship. The region has been impressively solid and belligerent in their weekly protests for what must now be three years. Back on 19 December 2019, the police had raided her home looking for her, and when they didn’t find her there they took her partner Felipe Esquivel instead. When Felipe refused to give up information on his partner when interrogated, he was held as a political prisoner ever since. Aleyda had been in hiding for three months away from her home and family, and must have just returned when she was captured because of the pandemic. Aleyda would also currently be a political prisoner, except a massive bail of US$1000 was scraped together for her release. Aleyda is to appear in court starting 31 March 2020.


Another measure the regime rushed to introduce at the same time as the lockdown was the conversion of the sports stadium Villa Olimpica into a place to confine people with confirmed COVID-19, laying out the gym with makeshift beds. No more was heard about its use during March 2020 by people with confirmed COVID-19, but a group of 25 who travelled to Honduras from neighbouring Nicaragua were forced to isolate themselves there rather than in the homes they were going to. They feared that while they were there the regime would admit people with actual confirmed COVID-19, and expose them to the virus. Neighours of the stadium also protested, because the stadium had two nursing homes very close by, and also because the stadium is an inadequate space for people to look after themselves or be looked after in. The regime has access to hotels and to military buildings with facilities, and these should be given.


Initially during the lockdown, even supermarkets were closed. However, softdrink workers union STIBYS denounced that softdrink workers were made to keep working and not provided PPE. Similarly, workers in monocrop industries were not provided PPE. After the first day of lockdown, deemed essential services such as hospitals, pharmacies and supermarkets were left open along with softdrinks production and distribution. There was panic buying, by those with the means to. Most people normally rely on markets, street vendors and corner shops for their daily needs, because it is more affordable, and as a form of mutual aid, too, since the supermarkets belong to the elite of the country. Markets were not allowed to exist during the pandemic, people weren’t even allowed to sell things in front of their homes.  

Within days, people could bear the hunger no more, and protests began sporadically. On 23 March 2020 in a neighbourhood usually alive with street vendors in Tegucigalpa, there is an image from this day of some burning tyres illuminating the night and kids jumping up and down chanting, ‘we want food!’. Similarly, on 23 March 2020, there were protests around and reports of police abuse, teargas bombs and arrests began to flood in. People in Comayagua who protested demanding food were attacked. People in the relatively empty market streets in Tegucigalpa had a police patrol pass through, shoot teargas at them, evict them and then drive on. Many others, mostly out looking for food and medicine, were arrested and bashed by police, who refused to listen to people’s reasons for being out. The most shocking case of this day was of police arresting five guys who were approaching a pop up soup kitchen for a feed outside the Ramon Ayaya Amador housing complex in Comayaguela, Tegucigalpa. Women who belong to the Iniciativa Mesoamericana organised and were serving food there in effort to share food at a time when many are starving and struggling. The arrestees were Luís Sierra, Yimy Paguada, Wilmer Hernández, Wilmer Alejandro Hernández (son of Wilmer Hernández), and Edilberto Girón López. Police took them to the police station and threatened the women serving the food with ‘we will come back for you’. The women regretfully packed up and stopped sharing food and went back to their homes. They also quickly got Iniciativa Mesoamericana to place pressure on the police to release the five, as did human rights organisation Cofadeh, and achieved their release relatively quickly.


The problem is, even at this time when US$500 million is poured into supposedly addressing the pandemic, not only is the health system rotten and not getting extra supports, there are no supports to help people stay at home. The only welfare package heard of is the meagre US$4 food aid package (for which US$40,000 has been assigned), which is only given to those who are poor AND show support for the National Party. People who make a living by selling things everyday say, if you won’t give us food, at least let us work and sell things to feed ourselves. Initially, the lockdown was said to be for one week, but as each week passes, another week of lockdown and curfews is announced. So protests have continued, as have cases of people being arrested while outside of their homes, mostly seeking essential services of food and medicine – the tally of COVID-19 arrestees quickly went up to over 500 – some obtained bail or were otherwise released, others remain locked up. When questioned by the media, about when they will be released, police official Zavala said, ‘when the emergency is over’, and to other questions such as, ‘is the detention registered? Are they processed in the prosecution? Are they given food and treated with dignity? Are there measures of safety and sanitiation? Can they communicate with their families?’ There are no responses from police. What’s more, there are images circulating of arrestees forced to undergo military training and forced labour. There are grave concerns for the welfare and lives of those arrested, at a time when prison must be the least safe place to be.


On 26 March 2020 there were 52 confirmed cases, and the first case of someone with COVID-19 having died. With this backdrop, in Marcala, La Paz, a councillor Marlon Calles who had been persecuted for some time for being against extractive projects, was harassed. The Health officials arrived at his house to inform him that he and his 64-year-old mother are suspected of having COVID-19 and must undergo testing. His mother had an emergency surgery recently and the pair have had to travel to hospital in Tegucigalpa 153 kms away on a routine basis, and it was on account of the frequent travel that they were named suspects. This did more than make their blood boil – it made his mother Paula faint.


On 27 March 2020, in the neglected and isolated area of Brus Laguna, Gracias a Dios, in the context of the curfew and the police suspecting a youth of not complying with the curfew, the police shot at the kid. People are of course outraged and say they would set the police station on fire.

On 29 March 2020, two weeks from the first confirmed case, there were 139 confirmed cases, from which 3 had died, and 3 had recovered. In Opatoro, La Paz, human rights defenders who were designated ‘assistants’ in their communities were ordered by council director Celin López to participate in a roster to watch that nobody unauthorised drives through the entrances to the town. They are obligated to do this, undertake 12 hour shifts, they are not paid, they are not even provided with food let alone masks or gloves, they are not facilitated with a place to rest during their shift, they are not even treated with dignity, and instead are belittled and made fun of. There are people in the community who are in solidarity with them though and bring them food.


On 30 March 2020 there were 141 confirmed cases including 3 healthcare workers. Remember that workers do not have access to adequate PPE, there are no N95’s for healthcare workers or hospital cleaners, but white collar state and parliamentarian employees do have access not only to special masks but disposable overalls. Stories continue to be heard of people protesting and being repressed, such as in Cholutecas, where people organised in Colonias Unidas (united neighbourhoods), protesting to demand water and food, and instead received state teargas bombs, shot in the street between their homes.


On 31 March 2020, there were 9 deaths from COVID-19, including the first healthcare worker to have died from COVID-19 in Honduras, Dr Denise Roxana Murillo. She was seen to have recently pled on facebook to Hondurans, please stay at home, even if you are hungry, drink water. It was only two days before when she felt symptoms and decided to self-isolate at home, and the next day when her condition worsened she was admitted to hospital and drips were attached to her body in an attempt to keep her alive, there was not adequate equipment available in the hospital to stabilise her, and she died. This same day, as Radio Globo journalist Lidieth Díaz was driving to work, a group of police detained her and threatened with confiscating her car and licence.


The month wrapped up with a lot of questions of just how the US$500 million is being spent, and also, like in Naomi Klein’s Shock Doctrine, while the regimes of the world take advantage of the pandemic and divert attention, what are they covering up and pushing through? President JOH’s brother’s sentence for drug trafficking. Hospitals obviously continue to be in a shocking state. Lots is spent on teargas bombs against hungry people. What concessions are dished out to what industries? What is being more privatised?


January and February 2020 Honduras Coup update

January and February 2020 Honduras Coup update

New Years Day

New Years day saw the people of Choluteca city in the south protesting on the streets against human rights violations. Only on this day there had been five murders in different parts of the country, the context of each killing is unknown except that, politically motivated or not, killings occur very often and are in impunity.

Indigenous leaders assassinated

It was already reported in December that Tolupán indigenous leader Efraín Martínez Martínez was reported disappeared and then a week later his body was found half buried on 29 December 2019 in Francisco Morazán, and that similarly, Pech indigenous leader Santos Felipe Escobar García (aged 34), was disappeared on 29 December 2019 and his body without life was found on 3 January 2020.

It didn’t stop there. On 10 January 2020, in Morazán, Yoro, Tolupan indigenous leader Vicente Saavedra was found dead, having been killed with gunshots. His body, when found, was very decomposed. Vicente was also a catholic leader, and he is very well known in the municipality. People remember him as a very humble and respectful person who never messed with anyone. They had a funeral for him in a catholic temple there.

Vicente Saavedra ene 2020

Two Campesina organisations attacked

On 26 January 2020, in Bajo Aguan, the office of COPA – Coordinator of Grassroots Organisations of Aguan, was attacked and broken into once again (this occurred on 20 December 2019, and a computer with information was stolen) by unidentified people, who damaged the building to enter, ransacked the archive drawers full of documents and other things. They took a printer with them. COPA member Carlos Leonel George together with COPA leader Haydee Saravía and campesino leader Jaime Cabrera went to the police to place a complaint about this break in – instead of investigating this break-in, the police arrested Carlos Leonel George. The police used the excuse of that there was a capture order against him. Carlos is one of 31 environmentalists who were charged for defending the Guapinol river in Tocoa, but he was part of the first group of arrestees who were released after two weeks and his case had been through the courts and was dismissed. Despite showing that this was the case, the police did not want to release him. It is believed that the mining company Inversiones Los Pinares must have pressured Honduran state authorities to reactivate the judicial files against the environmentalists who were not freed.

On 23 February 2020, unidentified persons destroyed the doors of the office of La Vía Campesina and stole a computer with information inside. La Vía Campesina leader Rafael Alegría arrived that afternoon to find that the doors were broken, and the surveillance camera monitor and a TV were thrown onto the patio, and other things thrown around and ripped up. Rafael called the National Protection Mechanism but they gave no response. From 2009 to date, this has been the 9th attack suffered by the organisation, that had included attacks against the building, its staff, gunshots against its surveillance cameras, threats, knowledge of plans to assassinate Rafael Alegría.

Updates re cases of political prisoners

Rommel Herrera the young teacher

Rommel Herrera, a young teacher who was accused of placing and setting tyres on fire, at the entrance of the US embassy, on 31 May 2019 in the context of protests of the Health and Education Platform, spent three months in maximum security prison, followed by time under custody in the psychiatric hospital – four months and counting. He has been essentially held for being part of the protests. It was the time in the maximum security prison that was traumatic for his mental health and being in a psychiatric hospital is also far from ideal for his emotional state. On 26 February 2020, his defence lawyer sought a change to his bail condition so he can be under the care of human rights organisation COFADEH instead. The judges voted, with all but one judge voting against his release into the care of COFADEH while his court case continues.

Edwin Espinal and Raúl Álvarez

The political prisoners Edwin Espinal and Raúl Álvarez who were in the maximum security prison with Rommel, who were there many months before Rommel, and were released on bail during Rommel’s imprisonment there, have their public hearing set for 14 and 15 May 2020.

Political prisoners of the Guapinol struggle against mining company Inversiones Los Pinares

In February, a Gathering of Peoples for Water and Solidarity was held at the public university UNAH in Tegucigalpa, attended by 23 representatives of different organisations nationally. They came together to share their struggles, define an action plan and also to organise in solidarity with the case of 8 compas politically imprisoned of Guapinol for at least 6 months so far. Actions were taken on 27 February 2020, including a demo outside the supreme court in Tegucigalpa, and a legal action was undertaken by CEJIL organisation. There are also campaigns in social media, calling for international solidarity with the Guapinol political prisoners.

In defence of the Guapinol and San Pedro rivers in Tocoa, People gathered in August 2018 and they began a camp for water and life in the Guapinol community, in reaction to which prosecutors and Inversiones Los Pinares emitted capture orders against 31 leaders of the communities including against Antonio Martínez Ramos, who died three months before he was charged. Amongst these there were two groups of political prisoners. The first group were imprisoned for two weeks and their cases were dismissed after. Those in this group are: Lourdes Elizabeth Gómez Rodas, Marco Tulio Ramos, Reynaldo Domínguez Ramos, Juan Antonio López, José Eugenio Esquivel Villeda, Juventino Cruz Hernández, Ally Magdaleno Domínguez Ramos, Juan Manuel Cruz Hernández, Juan Francisco Cruz García, José Santos Hernández, Carlos Leonel George George (mentioned in the COPA case earlier) and José Adalid Cedillo Mendoza.

The second group, of eight (or nine including the late Antonio Martínez Ramos) has so far been imprisoned for at least 6 months – 14 months in the case of Jeremías Martínez. They are:

Porfirio Sorto: a construction foreman, catholic church member, directive committee member of the water committee in Guapinol, and a father

Arnold Aleman: a football player, campesino, he was new to protests prior to this, and a father

Daniel Marquez: a member of Guapinol water committee, member of catholic church, and the carer for his elderly parents

Ewer Cedillo: a car mechanic, member of catholic church, and a football player

Kelvin Romero: a mechanic, small tourism operator, and a father

José Cedillo: a member of catholic church, barber, small business owner, and a father

Orbin Hernandez: Graduate in sciences and humanities, he was a teacher contracted by the council, and a leader of San Pedro area Committee

Jeremías Martinez Dias: aged 60, a member of campesina cooperative MUCA, Jeremías imprisoned in La Ceiba since 14 months ago, when he was tricked by his police escort who had orders to protect him (in recognition of persecution against him) and routinely came to his home to check on him. This day he was tricked, they came to his home and asked him to go with them to sign a document, and proceeded to arrest him in line with a prosecutor’s summon of someone named Jeremías Martínez with a different ID number whose complete full name did not match his.

As community environmental organising in Marcala La Paz heats up, a councillor was attacked again for his work in support of the environmental defence

On 29 January 2020, the mostly Lenca indigenous community of Marcala La Paz barricaded a highway between Marcala and the highway the the capital city, to blockade trucks carrying logs, during ongoing dialogues with the Forestry Department, against the uncontrolled logging in their communities. On 23 February 2020, Marcala councillor Marlon Calles found his car windows broken and his documents inside regarding the environmental work extracted, in place of the documents, the attacker left a note for him, saying, ‘you are dead now’. Marlon Calles had his car broken into and documents stolen one other time before this, and that time, unidentified persons fired gunshots near his home. Marlon had spoken up about constant threats and attacks against him for defending the environment and common natural resources of La Paz.

Indigenous environmentalists charged for asking for charges against logging company

On 4 February 2020, Iván Juárez and Meregildo Guillén, indigenous defenders of Cuaca Gualaco, Olancho, went to the prosecutors department to request investigation against the logging of forests in their community that is impacting upon their water source. Instead of charging the loggers, Iván and Meregildo ended up facing hearing and charges, accused by Nery Roberto Murillo Montalván, a logger, for the supposed crime of defamation. On 10 February 2020, the defamation case were dismissed in court as the judge recognised that they had a right to request investigation on the logging. One of the charged said, ‘we felt worried, because the forest was day by day being taken away and they are leaving us without water, now we can’t even bathe.’

Moisés Sánchez melon unionist threatened with prison and worse

On 21 January 2020, STAS union (Agroindustry and Similar Industries Workers’ Union) leader Moíses Sánchez, was charged, along with five other La Permuta community villagers, with court processes including conciliation beginning on 22 January 2020. On 6 February 2020, the conciliation process was declared failed and the court process would continue. Moíses was frustrated, ‘I don’t know what they want from me.’ He said. On the face of things, he was being charged by Mrs Dolores Rutilia Rueda, a landowner that rents its lands to Fyffes rockmelon company – he used to work there and organise in the union, he was the secretary general for STAS subsection, until Fyffes fired him for his union organising activities (his paid work was as a melon worker, union organising was on a voluntary basis). Mrs Dolores Rutilia Rueda was supposedly complaining about a road he participated in building previously when he belonged to the community council. He pointed out that it was strange for her to complain about it because she benefits from the new road – she no longer has to cross two creeks to get into her property. Moreover, it was council approved. Moíses knows that the charges are actually threats to put him in prison and threats against his life, for being someone who had organised for the labour and union rights of melon workers. The harassment and persecution he suffered had caused him including to temporarily close his small business in the community and this had made things difficult for him. So its about silencing him and not about what they officially say it is about. He has support and concern from the community about this case. The court hearing was to continue on 25 February 2020.

Priest charged

On 29 Jan, of El Triunfo, Choluteca, catholic priest Florentino Hernández appeared in court, having been sued by the Diocese of Choluteca, Monseñor Guido, a follower of the National Party, of usurping the church building and undued appropriation. Florentino was summoned in the national daily newspapers on 13 December 2019. Outside the court, communities were in solidarity with him in the hundreds. A local teacher explained that Florentino had opened the people’s eyes and helped them to see the terrible consequences mining exploitation will have for humans, and that he helps the poor, ‘he gives what he has to help his neighbour, he helps the sick with medicines even when it meant selling his things to have the money to buy the medicine.’ People know the charges are political persecution, for his work with the communities in opposition to mining projects. One of the seminarians of the church had also been expelled by the same monseñor for being a friend of Florentino. ‘We are very organised, the parish is not alone.’, the teacher said. On 5 February 2020, many villagers and human rights defenders were again with priest Florentino Hernández at the court, after some hours’ delay, were happy and celebrated because the case was dismissed.

Teachers union leader leaves, for now

On 30 January 2020, ex president of teachers union Copemh, Jaime Rodríguez, had to flee Honduras to Mexico after a series of death threats including his kidnapping on 28 October 2019 when he was tortured, his throat slashed, and he was left for dead. He confirmed it cannot be from organised crime, that the ones who have the logistics to have carried this out is the Honduran state. His kidnappers were four people with access to weapons, vehicles, and houses, that is a lot of resources. He knows what happened to him happened because he constantly criticised the government and opposing the privatisation of water, education and health. Jaime tells teachers to keep fighting, to never stop fighting, against the narcogovernment. It’s for his family that he leaves for now, but he will keep fighting and return when he can. He flew away in a plane, before which, some friends came to the airport to see him off, say goodbye, including Cofadeh coordinator Berta Oliva, whose organisation had organised his travel away for now.


A young anonymous guy hiding in the wild spoke to the media. He said back in 2018 he was a protected witness who gave information to the prosecution department about drug traffickers, following which, the cartel went to look for him to kill him, and when they didn’t find him, they started to kill his family. He left fleeing and made contact with the authorities, being a protected witness, and told them where he will hide and who he was with. Within days, his attackers appeared there and massacred his family in a finca, killing his mum, grandparents, two cousins and his little sister aged 2 months – killing ten of his relatives between the two massacres. Since then, he had been in hiding knowing that instead of protecting him, the prosecution department sells his information to the cartel. He wishes for asylum, to not be in the wild hiding forever.

New Migrants Caravan

On 14 January 2020, the first self organised migrants caravan of the year, thousands of Hondurans, left the San Pedro Sula bus terminal of Honduras with the aim of making it to the US, knowing all the barriers and dangers. The first of the series of caravans were around 10,000 who left together in a caravan in October 2018. In 2019, at least 105,000 Hondurans were deported in their efforts to migrate, in search for greater safety and economic opportunities.

On 20 January 2020, from this 2020 caravan, there was an image in the social media of hundreds of migrants crossing a river that has a width comparable to the length of a football field, with water up to their knees, in exodus against the JOH narco dictatorship, over Suchiate river in Mexico.

December 2019 Honduras coup update

December 2019 Honduras Coup Update

Assassination of Tolupan and Pech defenders

Around 22 December 2019, the family of indigenous Tolupán leader Efraín Martínez Martínez reported that he was missing and they were looking for him. On 29 December 2019, a week later, his body, dead, was found. Efraín is originally from La Flor mountain of the Francisco Morazán province, and was living and died in the north of Honduras.

Also on 29 December 2019, another indigenous leader, of the Pech people, was reported missing – 34 years old Felipe Escobar García. Five days later, on 3 January 2020, Felipe was found dead in El Carbón village, San Esteban, in the north of Olancho. Both Efraín and Felipes were leaders of their indigenous communities and were involved in defending their territories.

Efrain martinez y Santos Escobar dic 2019

Attempts against the lives of garifuna defenders in Masca

On 12 December 2019, in the Masca Garífuna community, gunshots sieged the home of Paula Alvarez and attempted against Paula’s life, leaving Paula gunshot wounded.

On 28 December 2019 in the night time, also in Masca, 70 years of Ignacia Piota Martínez, a Garífuna leader, was attacked by a mestizo man who fired 7 gunshots at 70 years old Ignacia. Ignacia was taken immediately to hospital and transferred to another hospital where her condition stabilised. Ignacia was the older sister of the recently assassinated Garífuna leader Mirna Suazo Martínez, killed on 7 September 2019. Ignacia’s sister Mirna was the community committee president as well as a management committee member of Ofraneh Honduran black fraternal organisation. Another Garífuna man, Oscar Francisco Guerrero Centeno, was assassinated in Masca on 10 October 2019. There are images of Garífuna women marching, holding a banner, saying, stop the assassinations against Garífunas. Ofraneh had spoken up repeatedly about how Masca had become an epicentre of violence in attempt to terrorise the community and push them out from their ancestral land so that outsiders can take over and exploit the lands for commercial gains. The land title and other state departments are complicit, by providing the outsider plunderers with land title documents and placing their names on these and through the army collaborating with these powerful groups. The Garífuna communities in struggle – who are black and matriarchal – face these in addition to insitutionalised and media socialised racism and sexism.

Human rights lawyer attempted against

On 30 November 2019, in a public park in Choluteca at night, lawyer and human rights defender Ely Portillo was spending time with his family, when a guy pulled out a weapon pointed it at Ely and Ely fought with the attacker. Since Ely had been granted protection measures as someone the authorities recognised as being at risk, he tried to call on this help, ‘I called and they answered, however they promised to send escorts, and to date (3 December 2019), they have not arrived.’ From the attack, Ely has a cut on his forehead that is healing. Ely is part of the legal team of Aci Participa NGO, which will be visiting human rights organisations and also state departments including the police, in the work for there to be security for human rights defenders. He experienced first hand, that there is not.

Persecution against Bastion del Sur, Barrios Bravos

On 17 December 2019, Bastión del Sur (Barrios Bravos – Angry Hoods) raised an alert about repression suffered in a number of neighbourhoods, and stated that there are organisations working hard to document the repression as well as lawyers on the cases. Especially worrying are that there are medias and members of the government political party that have publicly smeared Bastión del Sur (Barrios Bravos) calling the people involved terrorists. Those organised continue in struggle despite the risks, with the idea that, ‘if the present is of struggle, the future is ours.’

On 19 December 2019, the home of Aleyda Huete was raided by repressive state entities. Aleyda is the founder of Bastion del Sur (Barrios bravos). It was said that if anything should happen to her, her family, or other militants of Bastion del Sur (Barrios bravos), that JOH, Edgardo Loucel, Miguel Farach and Elba Reyes are responsible. She is being persecuted for struggling constantly against the narco dictatorship and its neoliberal measures.

Grassroots organisations of Aguan office robbed, organisers of the region are at risk

On 20 December 2019, the Grassroots organisations of Aguan office, COPA, was raided – its back door was destroyed, and the office was robbed. Information was stolen regarding COPA’s activities – the robbers stole the desktop computer, containing information about defenders associated with COPA in the region, including in relation to the Guapinol struggle against mining and to declare Tocoa a municipality free from mining companies. This theft places at increased risk the lives of the defenders associated with COPA. This robbery had also occurred following a media smear campaign against those who struggle defending human rights and the environment around Tocoa, Colón.

La Paz against loggers, loggers threaten leader

On 18 December, people of La Paz began occupying a highway to Marcala to close the path for logging company trucks in defence of the Opatoro forests from logging. On 30 December 2019, the CNTC rural organisation’s regional general secretary for La Paz, Sebastian Reyes, who has campaigned in defence of land and water and against logging, spoke up about receiving multiple death threats from logging companies in La Paz. Sebastian reports being followed and watched and persecuted, and had faced charges also; his home has been under siege by contracted hitmen who are there taking photos. If anything happens to Sebastian or his family, Juan Fernando Pereira, a logging contractor, is responsible.

Marcala La Paz: repression against youths and human rights defenders

On 13 December 2019, two young people, Jaime Cálix and Rigoberto Vásquez, were arrested and spent the whole day and night in court, with charges of attempted robbery and damages against the coordinator of municipal women’s office of the city, Rosemery Alvarez. The human rights network of the region, Redhil Paz, mobilised immediately to outside the court to pressure for the youths to be freed. As the trial went into the night time and people saw that the judge had left but the proceedings continued, and that the proceedings seemed biased against the young pair, they were rightly concerned about what would happen to Jaime and Rigoberto, and proceeded to occupy the court. That was about 9pm – court began 9am that day. Military police terrorised and threatened the human rights defenders there, firing their weapons. Outside the court you could see some people filming, some people yelling, and police was grabbing and threatening Lenca indigenous and human rights defenders Donatila Girón and Margarita Pineda, accusing these of agitating and driving the protest, and belittled Donatila saying that her defenders’ vest meant nothing to them, saying it was ‘pure rubbish’. and locked up both of these as well as Jaime and Rigoberto in the court that night, as others continued to protest outside demanding for the lives of Donatila, Margarita, Jaime and Rigoberto to be respected, knowing that lives under custody are lives in danger. Donatila is the aunt of one of the boys, as well as the president of Caucus Mundial organisation. Jaime and Rigoberto were held at least until, if not beyond, 16 December 2019, when hearings resumed.

A celebration for campesina cooperative 9 de julio in La Paz

On 14 December, 9 de julio, a cooperative under struggle, celebrated and partied having organised and set up running an electricity system in their community. They have gone through a lot and this was one of their dreams. Between 2010 and 2014, they had faced so much persecution, many threats, many charges, 17 violent evictions, many gunshot wounds, and had pregnant women who had been hurt in brutal repression to the degree of bringing on the abortion of their unborn babies. Despite of all this the cooperative continued recuperating land and completed another of its dreams. ‘We have fought 9 years and now thanks God we celebrate today, it is a part of the struggle and resistance compañeros and compañeras.’

Justice for Berta

Berta Cáceres, indigenous environmental anticapitalist feminist organiser, was murdered in 2016. Copinh, an organisation she co-founded and led up until she died, demanded that those who contracted for Berta’s murder to also be charged and brought to justice, and that there be an independent mission to properly investigate the case. Why are the Atala family and others free when there is the evidence of their being behind her murder?

Amongst those others not yet found guilty of Berta’s murder was DESA dam company president Roberto David Castillo, an ex military intelligence agent as well as ex ENEE state electricity company official, who is charged but no verdict had been given. It was found out in a 2009 public audit that he had corruptly continued to receive a salary from the army beyond his position there, as well as that he owned a company that was selling overpriced army products. In relation to Berta´s murder, months before the murder, Berta told Global Witness that Roberto Castillo had called her to try to bribe her to stop organising against the Agua Zarca dam project.

None of the Atala family had been charged despite ample evidence of them being behind the murder, because DESA and the Atala family have both extensive high up political connections. DESA secretary Roberto Pacheco Reyes is an ex minister of governance and justice. The DESA vicepresident Jacobo Nicolás Atala Zablah is the current president of the BAC Honduras bank and is an Atala, one of the richest business families in Honduras. Jacobo’s cousin is multimillionaire Camilo Atala, an ex government minister and owner of Ficohsa Bank, and one of the main investors of the polemic Indura Beach and Golf Resort. Jacobo’s brother, José Eduardo Atala Zablah, is on the DESA management committee and is the president of the Honduran-American Chamber of Commerce and ex head for honduras of the CABEI Central American Bank of Economic Integration. CABEI is one of the main investors of the DESA project of Agua Zarca. Another Atala, Daniel Atala Midence, is the financial director of DESA. There are others still.

JOH and TH continue trail blazing their drug trafficking histories

On 9 December 2019, one of the lawyers of the Valle Valle family/cartel and of the killed prisoner Magdaleno Meza, lawyer José Luís Pinto, aged 38, was in a restaurant when gunmen opened fired, killing him with several gunshots in La Entrada, Copán. The Valle Valle brothers themselves, Luís Alfonso and Miguel Arnulfo Valle Valle, of the cartel, have been in prison in Miami maximum security prison in the US since 2014, having subsequently declared themselves guilty to trafficking cocaine to US in January 2016, and sentenced by Miami federal court to 23 years of prison.

Then, on 13 December 2019, the director of El Pozo high security prison who was a witness in the Magdaleno Meza assassination in October and was suspended from his position ‘for investigation purposes’, Ildefonso Armas, was driving a pickup truck when he was ambushed by seven attackers on the CA5 Sur highway. Ildefonso was forced off the truck and shot to death with several gunshots, the attackers then fled towards an unknown direction. Ildefonso’s prison superiors Rosa Gudiel and German McNeil did not give any reasons for why he was suspended. CODEH president Hugo Maldonado revealed that Ildefonso Armas was seeking political asylum prior to being killed, because he was worried about a possible attempt against him for having witnessed a gang member kill Magdaleno Meza in prison in Santa Barbara. Meza elaborated materials about drug trafficking where TH and JOH names appear, along with quantities of money that were received for trafficking drugs towards US, as one of the cartel operators of the brothers Valle Valles. These documents were used in court in New York in which TH was ruled guilty. There are indications that Meza had collaborated with DEA in US to reveal secrets about TH and JOH. Meza’s other legal representative Carlos Chajtur also is in fear of a possible attempt against his life.

Update on political prisoner Rommel Baldemar

On 19 December 2019, in La Granja neighbourhood court, a preliminary hearing on Rommel Baldemar’s case was held. Rommel is a political prisoner of the platform in struggle in defence of health and public education in Honduras. He is currently under custody in psychiatric hospital. People were outside the court demanding his freedom.

Women prisoners abused and tortured

On boxing day 2019, images went around of women prisoners having been tortured by soldiers in the prison of El Progreso in Honduras. They have been flogged with iron bars in different parts of bodies. There are images of their beaten bodies.